Form 20-F
falseFY0001712178KYKYAmerican Depositary Shares, each representing two ordinary shares, par value US$0.01 per sharehttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#AssetsNoncurrentADS represents 2 ordinary sharesIn November 2018, the Board of Directors approved share repurchase program to purchase up to US$30,000 of the Company’s ordinary shares. As of December 31, 2019, pursuant to the share repurchase program, the Company repurchased 1,158,741 outstanding ADS representing 2,317,482 outstanding ordinary shares for an aggregated purchase price of RMB69,413. All shares repurchased were retired as of December 31, 2019 (Note 2).The CEO of the Company, Ms. Lihong Wang is the chairman of Wuhan Xinsili Culture Development Co., Ltd. As refer to Note 1, pursuant to the WFOE Purchase Agreement, the Company has agreed to, through Rise HK, sell all of the equity interests in WFOE to Wuhan Xinsili Culture Development Co., Ltd., in consideration of the Buyer SPV (i) paying to Rise HK a nominal consideration, and (ii) assuming all liabilities of WFOE and its subsidiaries.The Company entered into a convertible loan deed with the Bain Capital Education IV (the “Shareholder”) on December 1, 2021 (the “Convertible Loan Deed”), pursuant to which the Shareholder will provide an interest-free convertible loan of US$17,000 to the Company for the period ended June 30, 2023, convertible into ordinary shares of the Company at US$0.35 per share, or US$0.70 per ADS. If the Company fails to pay any amount payable under this Deed on its due date, interest shall accrue on such amount from the due date at a rate two percent. The Group determined the appropriate accounting treatment of its convertible debt in accordance with the terms in relation to the conversion feature. After considering the impact of such features, the Group may account for such instrument as a liability in its entirety, or separate the instrument into debt and equity components following the respective guidance described under ASC 815 Derivatives and Hedging and ASC 470 Debt. 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Table of Contents
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM
20-F
 
 
(Mark One)
REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR 12(g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021.
OR
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from
                    
to
                    
OR
 
SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Date of event requiring this shell company report
Commission file number:
001-38235
 
 
RISE Education Cayman Ltd
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
N/A
(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)
Cayman Islands
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
c/o Maples Corporate Services Limited, PO Box 309, Ugland House, Grand Cayman,
KY1-1104
,
Cayman
Islands
(Address of principal executive offices)
Ms. Lihong Wang, Chief Executive Officer
c/o Maples Corporate Services Limited, PO Box 309, Ugland House, Grand Cayman,
KY1-1104
,
Cayman
Islands
Tel: +1
345 949 8066
E-mail:
lwang@rdchina.net
(Name, Telephone,
E-mail
and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)
 
 
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Trading
Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange
on which registered
American Depositary Shares, each representing
two ordinary shares, par value US$0.01 per share
 
REDU
 
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)
 
 
Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the Issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report.
113,030,392 ordinary shares, par value US$0.01 per share, as of December 31, 2021
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ☐    No  ☒
If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.    Yes  ☐    No  ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T
(§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in
Rule 12b-2
of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer    ☐        Accelerated filer     Non-accelerated filer  
           
                 Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards † provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:
 
U.S. GAAP  ☒           International Financial Reporting Standards as issued             Other  ☐
            by the International Accounting Standards Board            ☐              
If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.    Item 17  ☐    Item 18  ☐
If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ☐
(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.    Yes  ☐    No  ☐
 
The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.
 
 
 

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
  
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INTRODUCTION
  
  
  
 
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CONVENTIONS THAT APPLY TO THIS ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM
20-F
Unless otherwise indicated and except where the context otherwise requires:
 
   
    “ADSs” refers to our American depositary shares, each of which represents two ordinary shares;
 
   
    “ADRs” refers to the American depositary receipts, which, if issued, evidence our ADSs;
 
   
    “China” or “PRC” refers to the People’s Republic of China, excluding, for the purpose of this annual report only, Taiwan, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macau Special Administrative Region;
 
   
“Greater China” refers to, for the purpose of this annual report only, the People’s Republic of China and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region;
 
   
    “RMB” or “Renminbi” refers to the legal currency of China;
 
   
    “shares” or “ordinary shares” refers to our ordinary shares, par value US$0.01 per share;
 
   
    “US$,” “U.S. Dollars,” “$” and “dollars” refer to the legal currency of the United States; and
 
   
    “we,” “us,” “our company,” “our,” the “Company” or “RISE Education” refers to RISE Education Cayman Ltd, a Cayman Islands company, and, where appropriate in the context, its subsidiaries.
Names of certain companies provided in this annual report are translated or transliterated from their original Chinese legal names.
All discrepancies in any table between the amounts identified as total amounts and the sum of the amounts listed therein are due to rounding.
This annual report on Form
20-F
includes our audited consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2020 and 2021 and our audited consolidated statements of income/(loss), statements of comprehensive income/(loss), statements of changes in shareholders’ equity and statements of cash flows for each of the three years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021.
Our reporting currency is the Renminbi. The functional currency of the Company, its Cayman subsidiaries and Rise HK are the US$, and the functional currency of Edge Franchising Co. Limited and Edge Online Co., Ltd are the Hong Kong Dollars (“HK$”). Unless otherwise stated, all translations of Renminbi into U.S. Dollars have been made at the rate of RMB6.3726 to US$1.00, being the noon buying rate in The City of New York for cable transfers in Renminbi as certified for customs purposes by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York in effect as of December 30, 2021 set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the U.S. Federal Reserve Board for translation into U.S. Dollars. We make no representation that the Renminbi or U.S. Dollar amounts referred to in this annual report could have been, or could be, converted into U.S. Dollars or Renminbi, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all.
We listed our ADSs on the NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol “REDU” on October 20, 2017. On October 24, 2017, we completed the initial public offering of 11,000,000 ADSs and the underwriters exercised their over-allotment option on the same date for the purchase of an additional 1,650,000 ADSs. On June 11, 2018, we completed the
follow-on
public offering of 7,000,000 ADSs by the selling shareholders of our company. On July 11, 2018, the sole underwriter exercised its over-allotment option to purchase an additional 585,000 ADSs from the selling shareholders. In 2019, we completed a share repurchase program and repurchased a total of 1,158,741 ADSs on the open market, representing 2,317,482 ordinary shares, at an average price of US$8.66 per ADS and for an aggregate consideration of US$10.0 million.
On December 28, 2021, we completed the sale of all of our equity interests in Rise (Tianjin) Education Information Consulting Co., Ltd. to Wuhan Xinsili Culture Development Co., Ltd. On December 30, 2021, we completed the sale of all of our equity interests in RISE Education International Limited and Rise IP (Cayman) Limited to Bain Capital Rise Education Cayman IV Limited, our major shareholder.
On February 8, 2022, we entered into a definitive Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Dada Auto Inc. (“NaaS”), a leading operation and technology provider serving China’s electric vehicle (“EV”) charging market, pursuant to which the shareholders of NaaS will exchange all of the issued and outstanding share capital of NaaS for newly issued shares of the Company on the terms and conditions set forth therein in a transaction exempt from the registration requirements under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Transaction”). Upon consummation of the Transaction, NaaS will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.
On April 29, 2022, we held an extraordinary general meeting of shareholders (the “EGM”). At the EGM, the shareholders approved, through a special resolution, the transactions contemplated in the Merger Agreement, pursuant to which the shareholders of NaaS will exchange all of the issued and outstanding share capital of NaaS for newly issued shares of the Company in a transaction exempt from the registration requirements under the Securities Act of 1933.
 
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FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS
This annual report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of current or historical facts are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are made under the “safe harbor” provision under Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, and as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including those listed under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors,” that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.
In some cases, you can identify these forward-looking statements by words or phrases such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “likely to” or other similar expressions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs.
You should read this annual report and the documents that we refer to in this annual report with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from and worse than what we expect. Other sections of this annual report include additional factors which could adversely impact our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in an evolving environment. New risk factors and uncertainties emerge from time to time and it is not possible for our management to predict all risk factors and uncertainties, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.
You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The forward-looking statements made in this annual report relate only to events or information as of the date on which the statements are made in this annual report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
 
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Table of Contents
PART I
 
ITEM 1.
IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 2.
OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 3.
KEY INFORMATION
A.    
[Reserved]
B.    
Capitalization and Indebtedness
Not applicable.
C.    
Reasons for the Offer and Use of Proceeds
Not applicable.
D.    
Risk Factors
 
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Risks Related to the Mergers
Failure to satisfy the conditions to the closing of the Mergers on a timely basis or at all could cause delay and additional expense or prevent the Mergers from occurring altogether.
On February 8, 2022, we entered into the Merger Agreement with NaaS. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, subject to the terms and conditions set forth therein, shareholders of NaaS will exchange all of the issued and outstanding share capital of NaaS for newly issued shares of our Company in a transaction exempt from the registration requirements under the Securities Act of 1933. Upon consummation of the transaction, NaaS will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of our Company (the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, the “Mergers”).
The Merger Agreement contains conditions to closing that must be fulfilled (or, as permitted by law and in accordance with the Merger Agreement, waived by the parties) in order to complete the Mergers. Several of these conditions, such as our maintenance of Nasdaq listing status, are partially or largely outside of the control and timing of NaaS or us and may be driven by factors unrelated to the Mergers or the parties thereto. The Merger Agreement may be terminated by either party if the closing does not occur by July 11, 2022, or if we are delisted from Nasdaq. Should satisfaction of these conditions take longer than the parties anticipate, or if any condition is not met by such date, the parties will need to mutually agree to either postpone the closing until the condition(s) are met or to waive or amend the condition. If a closing condition cannot be met on a timely basis, or the parties are unable to agree on a waiver or amendment, the closing may be delayed or the Merger Agreement may be terminated, subject to the terms and conditions contained therein. There can be no assurance that the conditions to the closing will be satisfied or waived or that the Mergers will be completed. Any delay in completing the Mergers could cause NaaS and our Company not to realize some or all of the benefits that the parties expect the Mergers to achieve. Furthermore, the parties will fail to realize any benefits of the Mergers should the closing not occur, and in such event, each party will be subject to
the go-forward risks
of its respective business, potential reputational and economic harm that may result from a failure to consummate the Mergers, and the economic burden of fees and expenses associated with the Merger Agreement. In addition, if the Mergers are not consummated, we could be delisted by Nasdaq by June 30, 2022.
In any event, any prolonged uncertainty as to whether the Mergers will be consummated could lead to a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Certain of our directors, executive officers and major shareholders have interests in the Mergers that are different from, and may potentially conflict with, our interests and the interests of its unaffiliated shareholders.
Certain of our directors, executive officers and major shareholders have interests in the Mergers that may be different from, or in addition to, the interests of unaffiliated shareholders and that may create potential conflicts of interest. For example, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, our directors and executive officers may be entitled to continued indemnification and insurance coverage. In addition, our major shareholder, Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited, which owns approximately 59.7% of our Ordinary Shares, has executed agreements to become the beneficial owner of approximately 0.9% of NaaS, and beneficially owns approximately 16.9% of Newlinks Technology Limited (“Newlink”), the controlling shareholder of NaaS.
 
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NaaS is not a publicly traded company and does not have a long operating history, making it difficult to determine the fair market value of NaaS or the Merger consideration.
NaaS’ shares are and have been privately held and are not currently traded on any public market. In addition, NaaS began its operations in 2019 and does not have a long operating history. As a result, it is difficult to determine the fair market value of NaaS or of its shares. Any estimate of the fair market value of NaaS or any NaaS share is only an estimate and depends on multiple variables, including market activity, the impact of the Mergers, and other factors, that could positively or negatively affect such values. Any change in NaaS’ financial condition or results of operations may cause significant variations in the price of its shares.
While the audit committee of our board of directors has engaged China Renaissance for its analysis and the Opinion as to the fairness of the Merger consideration from a financial point of view, which analysis requires an estimate of the value of NaaS, such analysis are estimates made on the basis of the historical financial statements and presently available information of NaaS and our Company, and are subject to numerous assumptions and factors, including about NaaS and our Company individually, and their current and future financial condition and results of operations.
The Merger consideration consists of a fixed aggregate amount of our Ordinary Shares and is not adjusted before or at the closing to account for the performance of our Company or NaaS.
The aggregate number of our Ordinary Share to be issued as Merger consideration is a fixed amount that will not be adjusted before or at the closing (other than to reflect the economic effect of share split, reverse share split, share dividend, reclassification, combination, exchange of shares, change or readjustment in change), including if the performance of our business improves or NaaS’ business deteriorates in the period after the execution of the Merger Agreement and before the closing.
The Shares and the ADSs would be subject to delisting from Nasdaq if we are unable to achieve and maintain compliance with Nasdaq’s continued listing standards. In addition, Nasdaq may not approve the initial listing application in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement.
It is a closing condition to the Mergers that (i) we shall remain continuously listed on Nasdaq, (ii) our initial listing application with Nasdaq in connection with the Mergers and transactions shall have been approved, and (iii) it shall have been reasonably expected that immediately following the closing, we will satisfy any applicable initial listing requirements of Nasdaq.
We were notified by the Listing Qualifications department (the “Staff”) of Nasdaq on January 11, 2022, that the Staff had determined to delist our securities unless we timely requested a hearing before a Nasdaq Hearings Panel (the “Panel”). The Staff’s determination was based upon its conclusion that we are a “public shell” as that term is defined in Nasdaq Listing Rule 5101 as the result of our sale of substantially all of our assets on December 30, 2021, as well as our failure to timely file our interim balance sheet and income statement for the period ended June 30, 2021 with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). We filed our interim balance sheet and income statement for the period ended June 30, 2021 with the SEC on January 11, 2022, and have therefore regained compliance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5250(c)(2). We also made a request on January 18, 2022, for a hearing before the Panel, which request has stayed any further delisting action by Nasdaq at least pending the hearing and the expiration of any extension that may be granted to us by the Panel. On March 9, 2022, we received a letter from Nasdaq informing us of a favorable decision from the Panel to grant our request for continued listing on Nasdaq through June 30, 2022, subject to certain conditions, which included that on or before the same date, we shall have completed the previously announced proposed business combination with NaaS, evidenced compliance with all applicable initial listing criteria for Nasdaq as required by Listing Rule 5505, and achieve other interim milestones with respect to obtaining shareholder approval of the business combination by April 30, 2022, and completing the financial audits of both our Company and NaaS by May 31, 2022.
If we could not satisfy the conditions for continued listing imposed by the Panel, our securities would be delisted and subject to suspension. The suspension and delisting of our ADSs would lead to decreases in analyst coverage and market-making activity relating to our Shares, as well as reduced information about trading prices and volume. As a result, it could become significantly more difficult for our shareholders to sell their Shares at prices comparable to those in effect prior to delisting or at all.
Furthermore, an initial listing application in connection with the Transactions has been submitted to Nasdaq on February 15, 2022. There can be no assurance that Nasdaq will approve the listing application. If such approval is not obtained, neither NaaS nor the Company would be required to consummate the Mergers and the price of the ADSs could significantly decline. Additionally, if the approval of Nasdaq of the initial listing application is not obtained, but the parties nevertheless waive the applicable closing conditions, our shareholders would be holding Class A ordinary share of the post-closing company that do not trade on an exchange. Even if the Class A ordinary share of the post-closing company is listed on Nasdaq, its public market may not be liquid or the Company may be unable to maintain the listing on Nasdaq in the future.
Each party is subject to business uncertainties and contractual restrictions while the Mergers are pending, which could adversely affect each party’s business and operations.
 
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In connection with the pendency of the Mergers, it is possible that some customers, suppliers and other business partners with whom our Company and/or NaaS has a business relationship may delay or defer certain business decisions or might decide to seek to terminate, change or renegotiate their relationships with us or NaaS, as the case may be, as a result of the Mergers or otherwise, which could negatively affect our or NaaS’ business, regardless of whether the Mergers are completed. The pending transaction could also divert management time and resources that could otherwise have been devoted to other opportunities that may have been beneficial to NaaS or our Company.
Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, our Company and NaaS are subject to certain restrictions on the conduct of their respective businesses prior to the closing which may adversely affect their ability to execute certain of its business strategies. Such limitations could adversely affect our or NaaS’ business and operations.
The Company has not obtained, and does not expect to obtain, an updated opinion from China Renaissance reflecting changes in circumstances that may have occurred since the signing of the Merger Agreement.
The fairness opinion was rendered orally to the audit committee of our Board of directors by China Renaissance in connection with, and at the time of, the audit committee’s evaluation of the Mergers on February 5, 2022, and subsequently confirmed in writing as of February 7, 2022, and does not speak as of any other date. The fairness opinion was based on information made available to China Renaissance as of the date of its fairness opinion, which may have changed, or may change, after the date of such fairness opinion. The Company has not obtained an updated opinion from China Renaissance or form any other party as of the date of this annual report and does not expect to obtain an updated opinion prior to consummation of the Mergers. Changes in the operations and prospects of the Company or NaaS, general market and economic conditions and other factors which may be beyond the control of the Company and NaaS, and on which the fairness opinion was based, may have altered the prices or values of shares of the ADSs or shares of NaaS since the date of such fairness opinion, or may alter such values and prices by the time the Mergers are completed.
Risks Related to the Ownership of our ADSs
We have sold our principal operating business and currently do not conduct any business activities.
In
mid-2021,
the Chinese government promulgated a series of new regulations that included Guiding Opinions of the Ministry of Education on Vigorously Promoting the Scientific Connection of Kindergartens and Primary Schools promulgated by the Chinese Ministry of Education (the “MOE”) on March 30, 2021, and Opinions on Further Alleviating the Burden of Homework and After-School Tutoring for Students in Compulsory Education promulgated by the General Office of State Council and the General Office of Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on July 24, 2021, among others (and together, the “New Regulations”). In particular, all academic after-school tutoring institutions are required to register as
non-profit
organizations and may not be financed or controlled by foreign capital. On September 7, 2021, the MOE published on its official website that the MOE, together with two other government authorities, had issued a circular requiring all academic after-school tutoring institutions to register as
non-profit
by December 31, 2021, and all academic after-school tutoring institutions to suspend enrollment of students and the charging of fees pending such registration. Ultimately, we reached an agreement to, among other things, sell substantially all of its assets, including (i) all of the equity interests in Rise (Tianjin) Education Information Consulting Co., Ltd. to Wuhan Xinsili Culture Development Co., Ltd. on December 28, 2021; and (ii) all of the equity interests in RISE Education International Limited and Rise IP (Cayman) Limited to Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited. The sale was approved at an extraordinary general meeting on December 23, 2021 and completed on December 30, 2021.
Under Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Rule
12b-2
promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, any company with nominal operations and assets consisting of cash and nominal other assets is a shell company. We are a shell company under the federal securities laws.
We may not be able to continue as a going concern if we are unable to complete the Mergers with NaaS.
We currently do not have any business operations. On December 30, 2021, we, through our subsidiaries, sold substantially all of our assets and became a “public shell” as defined under Nasdaq Listing Rule 5101. As a shell company and prior to the completion of the Mergers, we do not expect to have revenues, but will continue to incur operating expenses. As of December 31, 2021, although we had a working capital surplus of RMB22.0 million and cash and cash equivalents of RMB16.0 million, we also incurred legal fees, audit fees and other miscellaneous fees for the services related to the preparation of our 2021 financial statements during the first half of 2022. On February 8, 2022, we and Dada Auto Inc. (“NaaS”), a leading operation and technology provider serving China’s electric vehicle charging market, executed a definitive Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), pursuant to which the shareholders of NaaS will exchange all of the issued and outstanding share capital of NaaS for our newly issued shares on the terms and conditions set forth therein in a transaction exempt from the registration requirements under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Transaction”). Upon consummation of the Transaction, NaaS will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of us. On April 29, 2022, we held an extraordinary general meeting of shareholders (the “EGM”). At the EGM, shareholders approved, through a special resolution, the transactions contemplated in the Merger Agreement.
We and NaaS anticipate that the Transaction will be completed around mid-2022, subject to the satisfaction of closing conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, including among other things, receipt of regulatory approvals, including necessary PRC regulatory approvals (if applicable) and the continuous listing of the Company on the Nasdaq. The Mergers with NaaS should provide sufficient funds for us to continue as a going concern. However, there is no assurance that the Mergers will be completed. If we are not successful in consummating the Mergers, there may be uncertainty whether we will be able to continue as a going concern.
 
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The trading price of our ADSs is likely to be volatile, which could result in substantial losses to investors.
The trading price of our ADSs is likely to be volatile and could fluctuate widely due to factors beyond our control. This may happen because of broad market and industry factors, akin to the performance and fluctuation of the market prices of other companies with business operations located mainly in China that have listed their securities in the United States. A number of Chinese companies have listed or are in the process of listing their securities on U.S. stock markets. The securities of some of these companies have experienced significant volatility, including price declines in connection with their initial public offerings. We currently do not have any business operations in China. However, upon consummation of the Mergers, the listed company’s principal business operations are located in China. The trading performances of these Chinese companies’ securities after their offerings may affect the perception and attitudes of investors toward Chinese companies listed in the United States in general and consequently may impact the trading performance of our ADSs, regardless of our actual operating performance.
In the past, shareholders of public companies have often brought securities class action suits against those companies following periods of instability in the market price of their securities. If we were involved in a class action suit, it could divert a significant amount of our management’s attention and other resources from our business and operations and require us to incur significant expenses to defend the suit, which could harm our results of operations. Any such class action suit, whether or not successful, could harm our reputation and restrict our ability to raise capital in the future. In addition, if a claim is successfully made against us, we may be required to pay significant damages, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited continues to have significant influence over us in the future, including control over decisions that require the approval of shareholders, which could limit shareholders’ ability to influence the outcome of matters submitted to shareholders for a vote.
We are currently controlled by Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited, or Bain Capital. As of December 31, 2021, Bain Capital beneficially owned approximately 59.7% of the voting power of our outstanding shares. As long as Bain Capital owns or controls at least a majority of our outstanding voting power, it will have the ability to exercise substantial control over all corporate actions requiring shareholder approval, irrespective of how our other shareholders may vote, including the election and removal of directors and the size of our board of directors, any amendment of our memorandum and articles of association, or the approval of any merger or other significant corporate transaction, including a sale of substantially all of our assets. Even if its ownership falls below 50% of the voting power of our outstanding voting shares, Bain Capital will continue to be able to strongly influence or effectively control our decisions.
The post-closing company will be a “controlled company” within the meaning of the Nasdaq Stock Market Rules upon consummation of the Mergers and, as a result, may rely on exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements that provide protection to shareholders of other companies.
It is expected that, subject to certain assumptions, Newlink Technology Limited (the “Newlink”), the controlling shareholder of NaaS will have the right to vote 91.4% of the Shares upon consummation of the Mergers. As a result, the post-closing company will be a “controlled company” as defined under the Nasdaq Stock Market Rules as set forth in Listing Rule 5605(b), because Newlink will own more than 50% of the post-closing company’s total voting power. For so long as the post-closing company remains a controlled company, it will be permitted to elect to rely, and may rely, on certain exemptions from corporate governance rules, including an exemption from the rule that a majority of its board of directors must be independent directors or that it has to establish a nominating committee and a compensation committee composed entirely of independent directors. As a result, you will not have the same protection afforded to shareholders of companies that are subject to these corporate governance requirements.
The post-closing company may be a passive foreign investment company for United States federal income tax purposes, which could result in adverse United States federal income tax consequences to United States investors in the ADSs or ordinary shares.
Upon consummation of the Mergers, the post-closing company will be a “passive foreign investment company,” or PFIC, if, in the case of any particular taxable year, either (1) 75.0% or more of our gross income for such year consists of certain types of passive income, or (2) 50.0% or more of the average quarterly value of the post-closing company’s assets during such year produce or are held for the production of passive income. Although the law in this regard is unclear, the Company has historically treated its consolidated affiliates as being owned by the Company, and intend to treat the post-closing company’s consolidated affiliates following the Mergers as owned by the post-closing company, for United States federal income tax purposes because the post-closing company exercises effective control over the operation of such entities and the post-closing company is entitled to substantially all of their economic benefits. In addition, for a corporation that would otherwise be a PFIC for a taxable year, pursuant to the “change of business exception” a corporation is not treated as a PFIC for a taxable year if (1) neither the corporation nor any of its predecessors was a PFIC for any prior taxable year, (2) either substantially all of the passive income for the taxable year is attributable to proceeds from the disposition of an active trade or business or substantially all of the passive assets on each measuring date are attributable to proceeds from such a disposition and (3) the corporation reasonably does not expect to be a PFIC and is not a PFIC for either of the first two taxable years following the relevant taxable year.
 
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Because there are uncertainties in the application of the relevant rules and PFIC status is a factual determination made annually after the close of each taxable year, the post-closing company cannot assure you that it will not be a PFIC for the current taxable year or any future taxable year. The determination of whether the post-closing company is or will become a PFIC will depend upon the composition of the post-closing company’s income (which may differ from our historical results and current projections) and assets and the value of the post-closing company’s assets from time to time, including, in particular, the value of the post-closing company’s goodwill and other unbooked intangibles (which may depend upon the market value of the post-closing company’s ADSs from time-to-time and may be volatile) and may also depend on the availability of the change of business exception described above. Among other matters, if the post-closing company’s market capitalization declines, it may be a PFIC for the current or future taxable years. It is also possible that the Internal Revenue Service may challenge the post-closing company’s classification or valuation of its goodwill and other unbooked intangibles, which may result in the post-closing company being, or becoming, a PFIC for the current taxable year or future taxable years. The determination of whether the post-closing company will be or become a PFIC may also depend, in part, on how, and how quickly, the post-closing company uses its liquid assets and cash. Under circumstances where the post-closing company retains significant amounts liquid assets, including cash, or if the post-closing company’s consolidated affiliates were not treated as owned by it for United States federal income tax purposes, the post-closing company’s risk of being a PFIC may substantially increase. If the post-closing company is a PFIC in any taxable year, a U.S. Holder may incur significantly increased United States federal income tax on gain recognized on the sale or other disposition of the ADSs or ordinary shares and on the receipt of distributions on the ADSs or ordinary shares to the extent such gain or distribution is treated as an “excess distribution” under the United States federal income tax rules, and such holders may be subject to burdensome reporting requirements. Further, if the post-closing company is a PFIC for any year during which a United States Holder holds the post-closing company’s ADSs or ordinary shares, it generally will continue to be treated as a PFIC for all succeeding years during which such U.S. Holder holds the post-closing company’s ADSs or ordinary shares.
If the U.S. Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, or the PCAOB, is unable to inspect our auditors as required under the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, the SEC will prohibit the trading of our ADSs. A trading prohibition for our ADSs, or the threat of a trading prohibition, may materially and adversely affect the value of your investment. Additionally, the inability of the PCAOB to conduct inspections of our auditors would deprive our investors of the benefits of such inspections.
The U.S. Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, or the HFCA Act, was enacted into law on December 18, 2020. Under the HFCA Act, if the SEC determines that we have filed audit reports issued by a registered public accounting firm that has not been subject to inspection by the PCAOB for three consecutive years (beginning with this annual report on Form
20-F),
the SEC will prohibit our securities, including our ADSs, from being traded on a U.S. national securities exchange, including NASDAQ, or in the
over-the-counter
trading market in the U.S. The process for implementing trading prohibitions pursuant to the HFCA Act will be based on a list of registered public accounting firms that the PCAOB has been unable to inspect and investigate completely as a result of a position taken by a
non-U.S.
government, or the Relevant Jurisdiction, and such identified auditors, the PCAOB Identified Firms. The first list of PCAOB Identified Firms was included in a release by the PCAOB on December 16, 2021, or the PCAOB December 2021 Release. The SEC will review annual reports filed with it for fiscal years beginning after December 18, 2020 to determine if the auditor used for such reports was so identified by the PCAOB, and such issuers will be designated as “Commission Identified Issuers” on a list to be published by the SEC. If an issuer is a Commission Identified Issuer for three consecutive years (which will be determined after the third such annual report), the SEC will issue an order that will implement the trading prohibitions described above.
If we are unable to retain a PCAOB-registered auditor subject to PCAOB inspection and investigation, a trading prohibition for our ADSs could be issued shortly after our filing of the third consecutive annual report on Form
20-F
for which we have retained a PCAOB Identified Firm. Our current independent accounting firm, BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP , whose audit report is included in this annual report on Form
20-F,
is headquartered in China, and was not included in the list of PCAOB Identified Firms in the PCAOB December Release, However, given that all PCAOB-registered firms in China were included on that list, our ability to retain an auditor subject to PCAOB inspection and investigation may depend on the relevant U.S. and PRC regulators reaching an agreement to permit these inspections and investigations. Recent developments with respect to audits of China-based companies create uncertainty about the ability of BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP to fully cooperate with a PCAOB request for audit working papers without the approval of the Chinese authorities. BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP’s audit working papers related to us are located in China. The PCAOB has not requested BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP to provide the copies of these audit working papers and as a result, BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP has not sought permission from the Chinese authorities to provide copies of these materials to the PCAOB, but there is no assurance that they would be able to obtain such permission. More broadly, the PCAOB entered into a Memorandum of Understanding on Enforcement Cooperation with the CSRC and the PRC Ministry of Finance, which established a cooperative framework between the parties for the production and exchange of audit documents relevant to investigations undertaken by the PCAOB in the PRC or by the CSRC or the PRC Ministry of Finance in the United States. The PCAOB continues to be in discussions with the CSRC and the PRC Ministry of Finance to permit joint inspections of the PCAOB-registered audit firms that audit Chinese companies that trade on U.S. exchanges. However, in the PCAOB December 2021 Release, the PCAOB identified problems in implementing these agreements and a lack of cooperation. Accordingly, we can offer no assurance that we will be able to retain an auditor that would allow us to avoid a trading prohibition for our securities under the HFCA Act.
In June 2021, the United States Senate passed a bill that would amend the HFCA Act to accelerate the imposition of trading prohibitions once an issuer is identified from three years to two years, and a companion bill was introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives on December 14, 2021. If this bill amending the HFCA Act is approved by both houses of Congress and signed by the President, our securities could be subject to a trading prohibition following our filing of a second consecutive annual report on Form
20-F
in which our auditor for such reports is a PCAOB Identified Firm.
 
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If our ADSs are subject to a trading prohibition under the HFCA Act, the price of our ADSs may be adversely affected, and the threat of such a trading prohibition would also adversely affect their price. If we are unable to be listed on another securities exchange that provides sufficient liquidity, such a trading prohibition may substantially impair your ability to sell or purchase our ADSs when you wish to do so. Furthermore, if we are able to maintain a listing of our ordinary shares on a
non-U.S.
exchange, investors owning our ADSs may have to take additional steps to engage in transactions on that exchange, including converting ADSs into ordinary shares and establishing
non-U.S.
brokerage accounts.
The HFCA Act also imposes additional certification and disclosure requirements for Commission Identified Issuers, and these requirements apply to issuers in the year following their listing as Commission Identified Issuers. The additional requirements include a certification that the issuer is not owned or controlled by a governmental entity in the Relevant Jurisdiction, and the additional requirements for annual reports include disclosure that the issuer’s financials were audited by a firm not subject to PCAOB inspection, disclosure on governmental entities in the Relevant Jurisdiction’s ownership in and controlling financial interest in the issuer, the names of Chinese Communist Party, or CCP, members on the board of the issuer or its operating entities, and whether the issuer’s article’s include a charter of the CCP, including the text of such charter.
In addition to the issues under the HFCA discussed above, the PCAOB’s inability to conduct inspections in China and Hong Kong prevents it from fully evaluating the audits and quality control procedures of the independent registered public accounting firm. Our current independent registered public accounting firm, BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP, has not been inspected by the PCAOB. The inability of the PCAOB to conduct inspections of auditors in China makes it more difficult to evaluate the effectiveness of a China-based independent registered public accounting firm’s audit procedures or quality control procedures as compared to auditors outside of China that are subject to the PCAOB inspections, which could cause investors and potential investors in the stock to lose confidence in the audit procedures and reported financial information and the quality of our financial statements.
We do not intend to pay dividends on our ADSs.
We do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. We currently anticipate that we will retain all of our available cash for general corporate purposes. Any payment of future dividends will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon, among other things, our earnings, financial condition, capital requirements, level of indebtedness, statutory and contractual restrictions applying to the payment of dividends and other considerations that the board of directors deems relevant. Investors must rely on sales of their ADSs after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize a return on their investment. Investors seeking cash dividends should not purchase our ADSs.
Substantial future sales or perceived potential sales of our ADSs in the public market could cause the price of our ADSs to decline.
Sales of substantial amounts of our ADSs in the public market, or the perception that these sales could occur, could adversely affect the market price of our ADSs and could materially impair our ability to raise capital through equity offerings in the future. The ADSs sold in our initial public offering are freely tradable without restriction or further registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act. The remaining ordinary shares outstanding are available for sale, subject to volume and other restrictions as applicable under Rules 144 and 701 under the Securities Act. We cannot predict what effect, if any, market sales of securities held by our shareholders or the availability of these securities for future sale will have on the market price of our ADSs.
Our memorandum and articles of association contain anti-takeover provisions that could have a material adverse effect on the rights of holders of our ordinary shares and ADSs.
Our memorandum and articles of association contain certain provisions that could limit the ability of others to acquire control of our company, including a provision that grants authority to our board of directors to establish and issue from time to time one or more series of preferred shares without action by our shareholders and to determine, with respect to any series of preferred shares, the terms and rights of that series, any or all of which may be greater than the rights associated with our ordinary shares. These provisions could have the effect of depriving our shareholders of an opportunity to sell their shares at a premium over prevailing market prices by discouraging third parties from seeking to obtain control of our company in a tender offer or similar transaction. Preferred shares could be issued quickly with terms calculated to delay or prevent a change in control of our company or make removal of management more difficult. If our board of directors decides to issue preferred shares, the price of our ADSs may fall and the voting and other rights of the holders of our ordinary shares and ADSs may be materially and adversely affected.
 
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You may face difficulties in protecting your interests, and your ability to protect your rights through U.S. courts may be limited, because we are incorporated under Cayman Islands law and most of our directors and executive officers are residents of or located in China.
We are an exempted company incorporated under the laws of the Cayman Islands. Our corporate affairs are governed by our memorandum and articles of association, the Cayman Islands Company Act (As Revised) and the common law of the Cayman Islands. The rights of shareholders to take action against the directors, actions by minority shareholders and the fiduciary responsibilities of our directors to us under Cayman Islands law are to a large extent governed by the common law of the Cayman Islands. The common law of the Cayman Islands is derived in part from comparatively limited judicial precedent in the Cayman Islands as well as from the common law of England, the decisions of whose courts are of persuasive authority, but are not binding, on a court in the Cayman Islands. The rights of our shareholders and the fiduciary responsibilities of our directors under Cayman Islands law are not as clearly established as they would be under statutes or judicial precedent in some jurisdictions in the United States. In particular, the Cayman Islands has a less developed body of securities laws than the United States. Some U.S. states, such as Delaware, have more fully developed and judicially interpreted bodies of corporate law than the Cayman Islands. In addition, Cayman Islands companies may not have standing to initiate a shareholder derivative action in a federal court of the United States. The Cayman Islands courts are also unlikely (1) to recognize or enforce against us judgments of courts of the United States based on certain civil liability provisions of U.S. securities laws, or (2) to impose liabilities against us, in original actions brought in the Cayman Islands, based on certain civil liability provisions of U.S. securities laws that are penal in nature. There is no statutory recognition in the Cayman Islands of judgments obtained in the United States, although the courts of the Cayman Islands will in certain circumstances recognize and enforce a
non-penal
judgment of a foreign court of competent jurisdiction without retrial on the merits.
In addition, most of our directors and executive officers reside in China for a significant portion of the time and are PRC nationals. As a result, it may be difficult for our shareholders to effect service of process upon us and our directors and executive officers. In addition, China does not have treaties providing for the reciprocal recognition and enforcement of judgments of courts with the United States, the Cayman Islands and many other countries and regions. Therefore, recognition and enforcement in China of judgments of a court in these
non-PRC
jurisdictions in relation to any matter may be difficult or impossible.
As a result of all of the above, our public shareholders may have more difficulty in protecting their interests in the face of actions taken by management, members of the board of directors or large shareholders than they would as public shareholders of a company incorporated or operate in the United States.
 
Certain judgments obtained against us by our shareholders may not be enforceable.
We are a Cayman Islands company and a majority of our current directors and officers are nationals and residents of countries other than the United States. Substantially all of the assets of these persons are located outside the United States. As a result, it may be difficult or impossible for you to bring an action against us or against these individuals in the United States in the event that you believe that your rights have been infringed under the U.S. federal securities laws or otherwise. Even if you are successful in bringing an action of this kind, the laws of the Cayman Islands and of China may render you unable to enforce a judgment against our assets or the assets of our directors and officers.
We are a foreign private issuer within the meaning of the rules under the Exchange Act, and as such we are exempt from certain provisions applicable to United States domestic public companies.
Because we are a foreign private issuer under the Exchange Act, we are exempt from certain provisions of the securities rules and regulations in the United States that are applicable to U.S. domestic issuers, including:
 
   
the rules under the Exchange Act requiring the filing of quarterly reports on Form
10-Q
or current reports on Form
8-K
with the SEC;
 
   
the sections of the Exchange Act regulating the solicitation of proxies, consents, or authorizations in respect of a security registered under the Exchange Act;
 
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the sections of the Exchange Act requiring insiders to file public reports of their stock ownership and trading activities and liability for insiders who profit from trades made in a short period of time; and
 
   
the selective disclosure rules by issuers of material nonpublic information under Regulation FD.
We are required to file an annual report on Form
20-F
within four months of the end of each fiscal year. In addition, we intend to publish our results on a quarterly basis through press releases, distributed pursuant to the rules and regulations of the NASDAQ. Press releases relating to financial results and material events will also be furnished to the SEC on Form
6-K.
However, the information we are required to file with or furnish to the SEC will be less extensive and less timely compared to that required to be filed with the SEC by U.S. domestic issuers. As a result, you may not be afforded the same protections or information, which would be made available to you, were you investing in a U.S. domestic issuer.
 
As a company incorporated in the Cayman Islands, we are permitted to adopt certain home country practices in relation to corporate governance matters that differ significantly from NASDAQ corporate governance listing standards; these practices may afford less protection to shareholders than they would enjoy if we complied fully with NASDAQ corporate governance listing standards.
As a Cayman Islands company listed on the NASDAQ, we are subject to NASDAQ corporate governance listing standards. However, the NASDAQ rules permit a foreign private issuer like us to follow the corporate governance practices of its home country. Certain corporate governance practices in the Cayman Islands, which is our home country, may differ significantly from NASDAQ corporate governance listing standards. A Cayman Islands company is not required to have annual general meetings. Shareholders of Cayman Islands exempted companies like us have no general rights under Cayman Islands law to inspect corporate records (other than the memorandum and articles of association and any special resolutions passed by shareholders of such companies, and the registers of mortgages and charges of such companies) or to obtain copies of lists of shareholders of these companies. Our directors have discretion under our articles of association to determine whether or not, and under what conditions, our corporate records may be inspected by our shareholders, but are not obliged to make them available to our shareholders. This may make it more difficult for you to obtain the information needed to establish any facts necessary for a shareholder motion or to solicit proxies from other shareholders in connection with a proxy contest. Certain corporate governance practices in the Cayman Islands, which is our home country, differ significantly from requirements for companies incorporated in other jurisdictions such as the United States. To the extent we choose to follow home country practice with respect to corporate governance matters such as the exemption from holding an annual general meeting pursuant to Nasdaq Rule 5620(a), our shareholders may be afforded less protection than they otherwise would under rules and regulations applicable to U.S. domestic issuers.
The voting rights of holders of ADSs are limited by the terms of the deposit agreement, and you may not be able to exercise your right to direct how the ordinary shares represented by your ADSs are voted.
Our ADS holders do not have the same rights as our registered shareholders. As a holder of our ADSs, you will only be able to exercise the voting rights with respect to the underlying ordinary shares in accordance with the provisions of the deposit agreement. Under the deposit agreement, you must vote by giving voting instructions to the depositary. If we instruct the depositary to ask for your instructions, then upon receipt of your voting instructions, the depositary will try, as far as is practicable, to vote the underlying ordinary shares represented by your ADSs in accordance with your instructions. If we do not instruct the depositary to ask for your instructions, the depositary may still vote in accordance with instructions you give, but it is not required to do so. Upon receipt of your voting instructions, the depositary will vote the underlying ordinary shares in accordance with these instructions. You will not be able to directly exercise your right to vote with respect to the underlying shares unless you withdraw the shares and become the registered holder of such shares prior to the record date for the general meeting. Under our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association, the minimum notice period required for convening a general meeting is seven calendar days. When a general meeting is convened, you may not receive sufficient advance notice to withdraw the shares underlying your ADSs and become the registered holder of such shares to allow you to attend the general meeting and vote with respect to any specific matter or resolution to be considered and voted upon at the general meeting. In addition, under our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association, for the purposes of determining those shareholders who are entitled to attend and vote at any general meeting, our directors may close our register of members and/or fix in advance a record date for such meeting, and such closure of our register of members or the setting of such a record date may prevent you from withdrawing the ordinary shares underlying your ADSs and becoming the registered holder of such shares prior to the record date, so that you would not be able to attend the general meeting or to vote directly. If we ask for your instructions, the depositary will notify you of the upcoming vote and will arrange to deliver our voting materials to you. We cannot assure you that you will receive the voting materials in time to ensure that you can instruct the depositary to vote your shares. In addition, the depositary and its agents are not responsible for failing to carry out voting instructions or for their manner of carrying out your voting instructions. This means that you may not be able to exercise your right to vote and you may have no legal remedy if the shares underlying your ADSs are not voted as you requested.
The depositary for our ADSs will give us a discretionary proxy to vote our ordinary shares underlying your ADSs if you do not vote at shareholders’ meetings, except in limited circumstances, which could adversely affect your interests and the ability of our shareholders as a group to influence the management of our company.
Under the deposit agreement for the ADSs, if you do not vote, the depositary will give us a discretionary proxy to vote our ordinary shares underlying your ADSs at shareholders’ meetings unless:
 
   
we have failed to timely provide the depositary with notice of meeting and related voting materials;
 
   
we have instructed the depositary that we do not wish a discretionary proxy to be given;
 
   
we have informed the depositary that there is substantial opposition as to a matter to be voted on at the meeting; or
 
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a matter to be voted on at the meeting would have a material adverse impact on shareholders.
The effect of this discretionary proxy is that if you do not vote at shareholders’ meetings, you cannot prevent our ordinary shares underlying your ADSs from being voted, except under the circumstances described above. This may make it more difficult for shareholders to influence the management of our company. Holders of our ordinary shares are not subject to this discretionary proxy.
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about the Company’s business, the market price for the ADS and trading volume could decline.
The trading market for the ADSs will depend in part on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about the Company or its business. If research analysts do not establish and maintain adequate research coverage or if one or more of the analysts who cover the Company downgrade the ADSs or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about its business, the market price for the ADSs would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts cease coverage of the Company or fail to publish reports on the Company regularly, the Company could lose visibility in the financial markets, which, in turn, could cause the market price or trading volume for our ordinary shares to decline.
The Company will continue to be an emerging growth company within the meaning of the Securities Act and may take advantage of certain reduced reporting requirements.
Upon consummation of the Mergers, the Company is expected to qualify as an “emerging growth company” pursuant to the JOBS Act. Therefore, it may take advantage of specified reduced reporting and other requirements that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. These provisions include exemption from the auditor attestation requirement under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or Section 404, in the assessment of the emerging growth company’s internal control over financial reporting and permission to delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies. As a result, if the Company elects not to comply with such reporting and other requirements, in particular the auditor attestation requirements, the Company’s investors may not have access to certain information they may deem important.
The JOBS Act also provides that an emerging growth company does not need to comply with any new or revised financial accounting standards until such date that a private company is otherwise required to comply with such new or revised accounting standards. The Company is expected to not “opt out” of such exemptions afforded to an emerging growth company. As a result of this election, the Company’s financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates.
You may not receive dividends or other distributions on our ordinary shares and you may not receive any value for them, if it is illegal or impractical to make them available to you.
The depositary of our ADSs has agreed to pay to you the cash dividends or other distributions it or the custodian receives on ordinary shares or other deposited securities underlying our ADSs, after deducting its fees and expenses. You will receive these distributions in proportion to the number of ordinary shares your ADSs represent. However, the depositary is not responsible if it decides that it is unlawful or impractical to make a distribution available to any holders of ADSs. For example, it would be unlawful to make a distribution to a holder of ADSs if it consists of securities that require registration under the Securities Act but that are not properly registered or distributed under an applicable exemption from registration. The depositary may also determine that it is not feasible to distribute certain property through the mail. Additionally, the value of certain distributions may be less than the cost of mailing them. In these cases, the depositary may determine not to distribute such property. We have no obligation to register under U.S. securities laws any ADSs, ordinary shares, rights or other securities received through such distributions. We also have no obligation to take any other action to permit the distribution of ADSs, ordinary shares, rights or anything else to holders of ADSs. This means that you may not receive distributions we make on our ordinary shares or any value for them if it is illegal or impractical for us to make them available to you. These restrictions may cause a material decline in the value of our ADSs.
 
You may experience dilution of your holdings due to inability to participate in rights offerings.
We may, from time to time, distribute rights to our shareholders, including rights to acquire securities. Under the deposit agreement, the depositary will not distribute rights to holders of ADSs unless the distribution and sale of rights and the securities to which these rights relate are either exempt from registration under the Securities Act with respect to all holders of ADSs, or are registered under the provisions of the Securities Act. The depositary may, but is not required to, attempt to sell these undistributed rights to third parties, and may allow the rights to lapse. We may be unable to establish an exemption from registration under the Securities Act, and we are under no obligation to file a registration statement with respect to these rights or underlying securities or to endeavor to have a registration statement declared effective. Accordingly, holders of ADSs may be unable to participate in our rights offerings and may experience dilution of their holdings as a result.
 
You may be subject to limitations on the transfer of your ADSs.
Your ADSs are transferable on the books of the depositary. However, the depositary may close its books at any time or from time to time when it deems expedient in connection with the performance of its duties. The depositary may close its books from time to time for a number of reasons, including in connection with corporate events such as a rights offering, during which time the depositary needs to maintain an exact number of ADS holders on its books for a specified period. The depositary may also close its books in emergencies, and on weekends and public holidays. The depositary may refuse to deliver, transfer or register transfers of our ADSs generally when our share register or the books of the depositary are closed, or at any time if we or the depositary thinks it is advisable to do so because of any requirement of law or of any government or governmental body, or under any provision of the deposit agreement, or for any other reason.
 
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Our disclosure controls and procedures may not prevent or detect all errors or acts of fraud.
We have implemented a variety of measures to ensure that the Company follows the rules applicable to public companies in the United States. To the extent these new procedures and policies have not changed historical behaviors that might be inconsistent with the rules and practices regulating a U.S. public company, we could be at risk of violation or poor reporting as a public company. If our directors or executive officers inadvertently fail to identify, review or disclose a new relationship or arrangement causing the Company to fail to properly disclose any related party transaction or in the event that we fail to comply with SEC reporting and internal controls and procedures, we may be subject to securities laws violations that may result in additional compliance costs or costs associated with SEC judgments or fines, both of which will increase our costs and negatively affect our potential profitability and our ability to conduct our business. The public reporting requirements and controls may require us to obtain outside assistance from legal, accounting or other professionals that will increase our costs of doing business.
We identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and may identify additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, which could result in material misstatements of our consolidated financial statements or cause us to fail to meet our periodic reporting obligations.
We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. We have concluded that material weaknesses arose because we did not have the proper business processes, systems, personnel, and related internal controls in place. For a description of the identified material weaknesses, see Item 15, “Controls and Procedures.” In connection with management’s identification of these material weaknesses, management has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of December 31, 2021.
As further described in Item 15 “Controls and Procedures,” we have undertaken steps to improve our internal control over financial reporting. We expect that we will need to improve existing procedures and controls, and implement new ones, to remediate the material weaknesses. We may not be successful in making the improvements necessary to remediate the material weaknesses identified by management or be able to do so in a timely manner. Any inability to remediate the material weaknesses effectively or in a timely manner, or the identification of any new material weaknesses in the future, could limit our ability to prevent or detect a misstatement of our accounts or disclosures and could result in a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements. In such case, we may be unable to maintain compliance with securities law requirements regarding timely filing of periodic reports in addition to applicable stock exchange listing requirements, investors may lose confidence in our financial reporting and the price of our common stock may decline as a result.
 
ITEM 4.
INFORMATION OF THE COMPANY
A.    
History and Development of the Company
In July 2013, Bain Capital Rise Education II Cayman Limited, or RISE Education, our current holding company, was incorporated as an exempted company under the laws of the Cayman Islands, and it was renamed as RISE Education Cayman Ltd in June 2017.
RISE Education Cayman Ltd is a holding company without substantive operations. Prior to the sale of our assets in December 2021, we conducted our operations primarily through PRC entities, including our variable interest entity, or VIE, and its subsidiaries and schools. Our first self-owned learning center opened in Beijing in October 2007. Prior to 2021, we have expanded our network of learning centers across China, including Shanghai in March 2010, Guangzhou in September 2012, Wuxi in June 2013, Shenzhen in May 2014, Foshan in December 2017 and Shijiazhuang in July 2019. We also expanded our business to Hong Kong and Singapore through acquiring 100% equity interest of Edge Franchising Co., Ltd, or the Edge, from Edge Learning Centers Limited during the fourth quarter of 2017 (the “Edge acquisition”).
In July 2013, Rise IP (Cayman) Limited, or Rise IP, was incorporated as an exempted company under the laws of the Cayman Islands. Subsequently, a number of our wholly owned subsidiaries were established to acquire Rise IP and certain operating assets and entered into a series of contractual arrangements with Beijing Step Ahead Education Technology Development Co., Ltd., or Beijing Step Ahead or our VIE, its schools and its shareholders. As a result, the VIE and its subsidiaries and schools have become our consolidated affiliates.
In
mid-2021,
the Chinese government promulgated a series of new regulations that included
Guiding Opinions of the Ministry of Education on Vigorously Promoting the Scientific Connection of Kindergartens and Primary Schools
 promulgated by MOE on March 30, 2021, and
 Opinions on Further Alleviating the Burden of Homework and After-School Tutoring for Students in Compulsory Education
 promulgated by the General Office of State Council and the General Office of Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on July 24, 2021, among others (and together, the “New Regulations”). The New Regulations placed significant operational restrictions on us. In particular, all academic after-school tutoring institutions are required to register
as non-profit organizations
and may not be financed or controlled by foreign capital. On August 30, 2021, the General Office of the MOE, the General Office of the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the General Office of the State Administration for Market Regulation issued
the Notice of Three Departments Including the General Office of the Ministry of Education Regarding Unified Registration of Academic After-school Tutoring Institutions for Students in Compulsory Education Stage as Non-profit Institutions
, requiring all academic after-school tutoring institutions to register as
non-profit by
December 31, 2021, and all academic after-school tutoring institutions to suspend enrollment of students and the charging of fees pending such registration. As a result, we sold (i) all of the equity interests in Rise (Tianjin) Education Information Consulting Co., Ltd. to Wuhan Xinsili Culture Development Co., Ltd. on December 28, 2021; and (ii) all of the equity interests in RISE Education International Limited and Rise IP (Cayman) Limited to Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited on December 30, 2021 (collectively, the “Sale”). Upon completion of the Sale, we have, through our subsidiaries, sold substantially all of our assets.
 
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On February 8, 2022, we entered into the Merger Agreement with NaaS, pursuant to which the shareholders of NaaS will exchange all of the issued and outstanding share capital of NaaS for newly issued shares of the Company on the terms and conditions set forth therein. Upon consummation of the Transaction, NaaS will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.
On April 29, 2022, we held an extraordinary general meeting of shareholders (the “EGM”). At the EGM, shareholders approved, through a special resolution, the transactions contemplated in the Merger Agreement, pursuant to which the shareholders of NaaS will exchange all of the issued and outstanding share capital of NaaS for newly issued shares of the Company in a transaction exempt from the registration requirements under the Securities Act of 1933.
Our principal executive offices are located at c/o Maples Corporate Services Limited, PO Box 309, Ugland House, Grand Cayman, KY1-1104, Cayman Islands. Our telephone number is +1 345 949 8066. Our registered office in the Cayman Islands is at the offices of Maples Corporate Services Limited at PO Box 309, Ugland House, Grand Cayman,
KY1-1104,
Cayman Islands. Our agent for service of process in the United States is Cogency Global Inc., located at 122 East 42nd Street, 18th Floor, New York, N.Y. 10168. Our website is
en.risecenter.com
.
B.    
Business Overview
We were previously a provider of junior English language training in China. On December 28, 2021, we completed the sale of all of the equity interests in Rise (Tianjin) Education Information Consulting Co., Ltd. to Wuhan Xinsili Culture Development Co., Ltd. On December 30, 2021, we completed the sale of all of the equity interests in RISE Education International Limited and Rise IP (Cayman) Limited to Bain Capital Rise Education Cayman IV Limited, our major shareholder. The foregoing sales represented the sale of substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries.
As of the date of this annual report, we do not have any business operations.
C.    
Organizational Structure
 
The chart below summarizes our corporate structure as of the date of this annual report:
 
D.    
Property, Plants and Equipment
Upon consummation of the Sale, we no longer maintain any leased office space. We will consider entering into new lease arrangements in connection with the consummation of the Mergers.
 
ITEM 4A.
UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.
 
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ITEM 5.
OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS
You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this annual report. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results and the timing of selected events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this annual report.
A.    
Operating Results
Overview
We were incorporated as an exempted company under the laws of the Cayman Islands in July 2013. We are a shell company under federal securities laws and a holding company with no operations of our own. We sold substantially all of our assets on December 30, 2021. Prior to the disposal of our assets, we were a leading service provider in China’s junior ELT market, which refers to after-school English teaching and tutoring services provided by training institutions to students aged 3 to 18.
In 2020,
the COVID-19 pandemic
and preventative or protective actions taken by the Chinese government in respect of this pandemic had caused business disruption, including the temporary closure of the Company’s learning centers for a majority of the time during the period starting January 19, 2020 until September 2020. The Company’s franchisees have similarly experienced business disruptions during
the COVID-19 pandemic
and their financial performance and liquidity position have also been materially and adversely affected. As a result, the Company’s revenue from educational programs and franchisees’ business decreased. The adverse impact
of COVID-19 continued
into the first half of 2021, with episodes of resurgence in various Chinese cities creating uncertainties for the Company’s offline operations.
In addition, a series of new regulations promulgated by the Chinese government, such as the
 Guiding Opinions of the Ministry of Education on Vigorously Promoting the Scientific Connection of Kindergartens and Primary Schools
 promulgated by the Chinese Ministry of Education (the “MOE”) on March 30, 2021, the
 Opinions on Further Alleviating the Burden of Homework and After-School Tutoring for Students in Compulsory Education
 promulgated by the General Office of State Council and the General Office of Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on July 24, 2021 (the “Opinions”) and other regulations, had put operational restrictions on the Company and materially limited the Company’s ability to conduct its business. Consequently, the Company’s financial performance has been materially and adversely affected.
The Opinions also require all academic after-school tutoring institutions to register
as non-profit organizations
and prohibits foreign capital from controlling or participating in any academic after-school tutoring institutions through mergers and acquisitions, entrusted operation, joining franchise or variable interest entities. On August 30, 2021, the General Office of the MOE, the General Office of the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the General Office of the State Administration for Market Regulation issued
the Notice of Three Departments Including the General Office of the Ministry of Education Regarding Unified Registration of Academic After-school Tutoring Institutions for Students in Compulsory Education Stage as Non-profit Institutions
, requiring all academic after-school tutoring institutions to complete registration
as non-profit by
the end of 2021, and all academic after-school tutoring institutions shall, before completing such registration, suspend enrollment of students and charging fees.
The board and senior management members of the Company periodically review the Company’s long-term strategic plans with the goal of maximizing shareholder value. As part of this ongoing process, the board and senior management members of the Company reviewed strategic alternatives that may be available to the Company including potential commercial and strategic business partnerships, acquisition transactions, new business lines, capital market events, by conducting an active, targeted search for potential strategic partners or targets, leveraging the prior experience and network of the Company’s officers and directors.
From December 28, 2021 to December 30, 2021, the Company sold all of the equity interests in Rise (Tianjin) Education Information Consulting Co., Ltd. to Wuhan Xinsili Culture Development Co., Ltd., and all of the equity interests in RISE Education International Limited and Rise IP (Cayman) Limited to Bain Capital Rise Education Cayman IV Limited, respectively (collectively, the “Sale”). On December 30, 2021, the Company completed the settlement (“Settlement”) with the lenders of the facilities agreement dated March 18, 2021 relating to the term and revolving facilities of up to an aggregate amount of US$80,000,000.
The consummation of the Sale and the Settlement represented the sales of substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries.
Results of Continuing Operations
The Company did not generate revenues from continuing operations to date. Overall, the Company incurred a net loss from continuing operations of RMB15.2 million, RMB17.6 million and a net income of RMB249.1 million (US$39.1 million) for the year ended December 31, 2019, December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2021, respectively. Since the Company’s operations are primarily administrative, the net income from continuing operations relates entirely to the gain on troubled debt restructuring.
 
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B.    
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We currently do not have any business operations. On December 30, 2021, we, through our subsidiaries, sold substantially all of our assets and became a “public shell” as defined under Nasdaq Listing Rule 5101. As a shell company and prior to the completion of the Mergers, we do not expect to have revenues, but will continue to incur operating expenses. As of December 31, 2021, although we had a working capital surplus of RMB22.0 million and cash and cash equivalents of RMB16.0 million, we also incurred legal fees, audit fees and other miscellaneous fees for the services related to the preparation of our 2021 financial statements during the first half of 2022. Therefore, these conditions considered in aggregate that raise substantial doubt on our ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date on which the financial statements are issued.
On February 8, 2022, we and Dada Auto Inc. (“NaaS”), a leading operation and technology provider serving China’s electric vehicle charging market, executed a definitive Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), pursuant to which the shareholders of NaaS will exchange all of the issued and outstanding share capital of NaaS for newly issued shares of the Company on the terms and conditions set forth therein in a transaction exempt from the registration requirements under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Transaction”). Upon consummation of the Transaction, NaaS will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of our Company. On April 29, 2022, we held an extraordinary general meeting of shareholders (the “EGM”). At the EGM, the shareholders approved, through a special resolution, the transactions contemplated in the Merger Agreement.
We and NaaS anticipate that the Transaction will be completed around mid-2022, subject to the satisfaction of closing conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, including among other things, receipt of regulatory approvals, including necessary PRC regulatory approvals (if applicable) and the continuous listing of our Company on the Nasdaq.
After considering management’s plans, it is probable that the Merger with Naas will be effectively implemented and would bring sufficient funding for our Company to continue as a going concern. Therefore, substantial doubt about the Group’s ability to continue as a going concern is alleviated. Therefore, our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP on a going concern basis. The going concern basis assumes that assets are realized and liabilities are extinguished in the ordinary course of business at amounts disclosed in the consolidated financial statements.
Cash Flows and Working Capital
Our principal sources of liquidity have been from cash generated from operating activities. As of December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, we had RMB1,022.8 million, RMB639.2 million and RMB16.0 million (US$2.5 million), respectively, in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash. Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash on hand placed with banks or other financial institutions and highly liquid investment which are unrestricted as to withdrawal and use and have original maturities of three months or less when purchased. Our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash are primarily denominated in Renminbi.
 
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The following table sets forth a summary of our cash flows for the years presented:
 
    
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
    
2019
    
2020
    
2021
 
    
RMB
    
RMB
    
RMB
    
US$
 
                             
           
(in thousands)
        
Net cash (used in) continuing operating activities
     (20,158      (18,615      (29,945      (4,698
Net cash (used in) discontinued operating activities
     (19,696      (187,127      (509,825      (80,003
Net cash (used in) operating activities
  
 
(39,854
  
 
(205,742
  
 
(539,770
  
 
(84,701
Net cash generated from continuing investing activities
     —          —          15,932        2,500  
Net cash (used in) discontinued investing activities
     (114,716      (111,782      (53,535      (8,401
Net cash (used in) investing activities
  
 
(114,716
  
 
(111,782
  
 
(37,603
  
 
(5,901
Net cash (used in) continuing financing activities
     (140,732      (60,674      (15,841      (2,486
Net cash (used in) discontinued financing activities
     —          —          (23,308      (3,658
Net cash (used in) financing activities
  
 
(140,732
  
 
(60,674
  
 
(39,149
  
 
(6,144
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes
     1,342        (5,443      (6,635      (1,041
Net (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
     (293,960      (383,641      (623,157      (97,787
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year
     1,316,785        1,022,825        639,184        100,302  
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of year
     1,022,825        639,184        16,027        2,515  
Less: Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of discontinued operations at end of year
     998,674        628,806        —          —    
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of continuing operations at end of year
  
 
24,151
 
  
 
10,378
 
  
 
16,027
 
  
 
2,515
 
Operating activities
Net cash used in operating activities amounted to RMB539.8 million (US$84.7 million) in 2021, which comprised a net cash outflow in continuing operations of RMB29.9 million (US$4.7 million) and a net cash outflow in discontinued operations of RMB509.8 million (US$80.0 million).
Net cash used in operating activities amounted to RMB205.7 million in 2020, which comprised a net cash outflow in continuing operations of RMB18.6 million and a net cash outflow in discontinued operations of RMB187.1 million.
Net cash used in operating activities amounted to RMB39.9 million in 2019, which comprised a net cash outflow in continuing operations of RMB20.2 million and a net cash outflow in discontinued operations of RMB19.7 million.
Investing activities
Net cash used in investing activities amounted to RMB37.6 million (US$5.9 million) in 2021, which comprised a net cash inflow in continuing operations of RMB15.9 million (US$2.5 million), representing proceeds from disposal of subsidiaries, and a net cash outflow in discontinued operations of RMB53.5 million (US$8.4 million).
Net cash used in investing activities amounted to RMB111.8 million in 2020, primarily reflecting a net cash outflow in discontinued operations of RMB111.8 million.
Net cash used in investing activities amounted to RMB114.7 million in 2019, primarily reflecting a net cash outflow in discontinued operations of RMB114.7 million.
Financing activities
Net cash used in financing activities amounted to RMB39.1 million (US$6.1 million) in 2021, which comprised a net cash outflow in continuing operations of RMB15.8 million (US$2.5 million), primarily due to the inflow of convertible loan of RMB108.3 million from a related party and a net cash outflow of principal repayments on loans of RMB125.0 million, and a net cash outflow in discontinued operations of RMB23.3 million (US$3.6 million).
Net cash used in financing activities amounted to RMB60.7 million in 2020, primarily reflecting a net cash outflow in continuing operations of RMB60.7 million.
Net cash used in financing activities amounted to RMB140.7 million in 2019, primarily reflecting a net cash outflow in continuing operations of RMB140.7 million.
 
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C.    
Research and Development, Patents and Licenses, etc.
We do not engage in any significant research and development activities, nor do we own any intellectual property.
D.    
Trend Information
We did not generate any revenues. Other than as disclosed in the foregoing disclosures and elsewhere in this annual report, we are not aware of any trends, uncertainties, demands, commitments or events during the period from January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021 that are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our net revenues, income, profitability, liquidity or capital resources, or that would cause our disclosed financial information to be not necessarily indicative of future operating results or financial conditions.
E.    
Critical Accounting Estimates
We prepare our financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP, which requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect our reporting of, among other things, assets and liabilities, contingent assets and liabilities and revenues and expenses. Our estimates and judgments include valuation allowance for deferred tax assets, uncertain tax positions, the initial valuation of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed and
non-controlling
interest in a business combination, fair values of certain debt and equity investments, economic lives and impairment of long-lived assets, impairment of goodwill, standalone selling prices of performance obligations of revenue contracts, accounts receivable and contract assets allowances, measurement of
right-of-use
assets and lease liabilities and share-based compensation. We regularly evaluate these estimates and assumptions based on the most recently available information, our own historical experiences and other factors that we believe to be relevant under the circumstances. Since our financial reporting process inherently relies on the use of estimates and assumptions, our actual results could differ from what we expect. This is especially true with some accounting policies that require higher degrees of judgment than others in their application. We consider the policies discussed below to be critical to an understanding of our audited consolidated financial statements because they involve the greatest reliance on our management’s judgment.
Business Combinations
We account for business combinations using the purchase method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805,
Business Combinations
. The purchase method accounting requires that the consideration transferred be allocated to the assets, including separately identifiable assets and liabilities we acquired, based on their estimated fair values. The consideration transferred in an acquisition is measured as the aggregate of the fair values at the date of exchange of the assets given, liabilities incurred, and equity instruments issued as well as the contingent considerations and all contractual contingencies as of the acquisition date. The costs directly attributable to the acquisition are expensed as incurred. Identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities acquired or assumed are measured separately at their fair value as of the acquisition date, irrespective of the extent of any
non-controlling
interests. The excess of (i) the total of cost of acquisition, fair value of the
non-controlling
interests and acquisition date fair value of any previously held equity interest in the acquiree over (ii) the fair value of the identifiable net assets of the acquiree, is recorded as goodwill. If the cost of acquisition is less than the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired, the difference is recognized directly in earnings.
In a business combination achieved in stages, we
re-measured
our previously held equity interest in the acquiree immediately before obtaining control at its acquisition-date fair value and the
re-measurement
gain or loss, if any, is recognized in earnings.
The determination and allocation of fair values to the identifiable assets acquired, liabilities assumed and
non-controlling
interests is based on various assumptions and valuation methodologies requiring considerable judgment from management. The most significant variables in these valuations are discount rates, terminal values, the number of years on which to base the cash flow projections, as well as the assumptions and estimates used to determine the cash inflows and outflows. The group determine discount rates to be used based on the risk inherent in the related activity’s current business model and industry comparisons. Terminal values are based on the expected life of assets, forecasted life cycle and forecasted cash flows over that period.
Share-based Compensation
We apply ASC 718, Compensation — Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”), to account for our employee share-based payments. In accordance with ASC 718, we determine whether an award should be classified and accounted for as a liability award or an equity award. All our share-based awards to employees were classified as equity awards.
In accordance with ASC 718, we recognize share-based compensation cost for equity awards to employees with a performance condition based on the probable outcome of that performance condition — compensation cost is recognized if it is probable that the performance condition will be achieved and shall not be recognized if it is not probable that the performance condition will be achieved.
In accordance with ASC 718, the effect of a market condition is reflected in the grant-date fair value of the granted equity awards. We recognize share-based compensation cost for equity awards with a market condition provided that the requisite service is rendered, regardless of when, if ever, the market condition is satisfied.
 
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A change in any of the terms or conditions of the awards is accounted for as a modification of the award. When the vesting conditions (or other terms) of the equity awards granted to employees are modified, we first determine on the modification date whether the original vesting conditions were expected to be satisfied, regardless of the entity’s policy election for accounting for forfeitures. If the original vesting conditions are not expected to be satisfied, the grant-date fair value of the original equity awards are ignored, and the fair value of the equity award measured at the modification date is recognized if the modified award ultimately vests. When a vesting condition that is probable of achievement is modified and the new vesting condition also is probable of achievement, the compensation cost to be recognized if either the original vesting condition or the new vesting condition is achieved cannot be less than the grant-date fair value of the original award. That compensation cost is recognized if either the original or modified vesting condition is achieved. Cancellation of the awards accompanied by the concurrent grant of a replacement award is also accounted for as a modification of the terms of the cancelled awards. Therefore, incremental compensation cost shall be measured as the excess of the fair value of the replacement award or other valuable consideration over the fair value of the cancelled award at the cancellation date.
Incremental compensation cost is measured as the excess, if any, of the fair value of the modified award over the fair value of the original award immediately before its terms are modified, measured based on the fair value of the awards and other pertinent factors at the modification date. For vested awards, we recognize incremental compensation cost in the period the modification occurs. For unvested awards, we recognize over the remaining requisite service period, the sum of the incremental compensation cost and the remaining unrecognized compensation cost for the original award on the modification date. If the fair value of the modified award is lower than the fair value of the original award immediately before modification, the minimum compensation cost we recognize is the cost of the original award.
We use the accelerated method for all awards granted with graded vesting service conditions, and the straight-line method for awards granted with
non-graded
vesting service conditions. We account for forfeitures as they occur. We, with the assistance of an independent valuation firm, determined the fair value of the stock options granted to employees. The binomial option pricing model and Monte Carlo simulation model were applied in determining the estimated fair value of the options granted to employees.
 
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Income Taxes
We account for income taxes under ASC 740, “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”). ASC 740 requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for both the expected impact of differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities and for the expected future tax benefit to be derived from tax loss and tax credit carry forwards. ASC 740 additionally requires a valuation allowance to be established when it is more likely than not that all or a portion of deferred tax assets will not be realized.
ASC 740 also clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s consolidated financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. We recognize accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. There were no unrecognized tax benefits and no amounts accrued for interest and penalties as of December 31, 2020 and 2021. We are currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position.
We are considered exempted Cayman Islands Companies and are presently not subject to income taxes or income tax filing requirements in the Cayman Islands or the United States.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Please see a detailed discussion in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this annual report.
 
ITEM 6.
DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES
A.    
Directors and Senior Management
Our board of directors reviewed the scope and roles and responsibilities of the executive officers in 2021 and determined that our executive officers for U.S. securities law purposes include our chief executive officer and chief financial officer. The following table provides information regarding our directors and executive officers as of the date of this annual report.
 
Directors and Executive Officers
  
Age
  
Position/Title
Lihong Wang
   54    Chairwoman, Chief Executive Officer, Director
Jonathan Jia Zhu
   59    Director
Zhongjue Chen
   43    Director
Weili Hong
   52    Independent Director, Chairman of the Corporate Governance, Audit Committee and Nominating Committee
Jun Yan
   39    Independent Director, Chairman of the Compensation Committee
Alex Wu
   41    Acting Chief Financial Officer
 
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Lihong Wang
has served as our director since September 2013, as our chairwoman since October 2017 and was appointed our chief executive officer in January 2020. Ms. Wang has 14 years of experience in private equity industry. Ms. Wang joined Bain Capital Asia in 2006 and has served as a managing director since January 2011. Ms. Wang served as an executive director in Morgan Stanly Dean Witter Asia Limited from 2005 to 2006. She served as a vice president in J.P. Morgan Securities (Asia Pacific) Limited from 2001 to 2005. She served as an associate and a manager in Credit Suisse First Boston from 1996 to 2001. Ms. Wang served as a deputy division chief in China Securities Regulatory Commission from 1993 to 1996. She served as a research associate in Stock Exchange Executive Council from 1990 to 1993. Ms. Wang received an MBA degree from Columbia Business School in 1999 and a Bachelor of Science degree from Fudan University in 1990.
Jonathan Jia Zhu
was appointed our director and chairman of our corporate governance and nominating committee in January 2020. Mr. Zhu is
co-head
of Bain Capital Asia Private Equity. He previously served on our board of directors from September 2013 to October 2017. Mr. Zhu joined Bain Capital Private Equity as Managing Director in 2006. Prior to joining Bain Capital Private Equity, Mr. Zhu was an investment banker at Morgan Stanley and CEO of its China business sector. Mr. Zhu holds a Juris Doctor degree from Cornell Law School, a Master’s degree from Nanjing University, and a Bachelor’s degree from Zhengzhou University.
Zhongjue Chen
has served as our director since October 2013. Mr. Chen has over 15 years of experience in the investment, finance and consulting industries in the United States and Asia. Mr. Chen joined Bain Capital Private Equity in 2005 and is currently a managing director, mainly responsible for managing Bain Capital’s private equity investments in Greater China and Asia Pacific region. His focus is on the technology, media, education and business services sectors. Mr. Chen served as an associate consultant in Bain & Company from 2001 to 2003, serving clients in the consumer products, financial services and healthcare sectors. Mr. Chen received an MBA degree from Harvard Business School in 2005 and a Bachelor’s degree in economics from Harvard College in 2001.
Weili Hong
has served as our independent director since September 2018. Prior to that, Dr. Hong has served as the President and Chief Research Officer of CMC Holdings from 2016 to 2018. Prior to joining CMC, Dr. Hong was a partner of the Gopher Asset Management (China’s No.1 leading FOFs management company) from 2014 to 2016, in charge of PE/VC FOFs and direct investments. He also served as the managing partner of KTB China from 2008 to 2012, and the head of BD in ING China from 2004 to 2007. Dr. Hong was one of the pioneers of China’s capital market since he joined Shanghai Stock Exchange at its forming stage in 1992, where he served in several important positions and developed China’s first financial futures product. From 1997 to 2004, Dr. Hong had served as a managing director of the securities business of China Venture-Tech Investment Group and the head of its Shanghai Branch. Dr. Hong received his Bachelor’s degree in 1992 and Doctor’s degrees in Economics in 1999 from Fudan University. Dr. Hong currently serves as a Guest Professor and a supervisor of the Master Degree Program in the School of Economics; and a Guest Professor of the Fanhai International School of Finance, Fudan University. Dr. Hong is also an independent director of Luolai Lifestyle Technology Co., Ltd.
Jun Yan
served as our independent director since September 2018. Mr. Yan was general manager of strategic partnerships at Google China from 2017 to 2019. From 2016 to 2017, he served as vice president in VIP.com, the third largest eCommerce platform in China, and he also served as a managing director in Fosun Group prior to VIP.com. Mr. Yan served as a director in Alibaba Group from 2013 to 2016, responsible for cross border business, digital marketing and corporate development. Prior to Alibaba, Mr. Yan brought 11 years of experiences in the areas of Internet/eCommerce operation, business development, sales and marketing. He served as a general manager role in Amazon China from 2010 to 2013 and he also worked at 3M from 2005 to 2010, serving as several roles including sales manager, senior marketing manager, and general manager focusing on growing the company MRO business in China. Mr. Yan graduated from Peking University with a master’s degree in Business Administration in 2013. He also received his bachelor’s degree in Economics from Beijing University of Science and Technology in 2003.
Alex Wu
served as our chief financial officer since September 1, 2021. Mr. Wu has extensive experience in corporate finance, technology and management matters. Mr. Wu currently serves as an executive vice president and a member of the Asian Pacific private equity team of Bain Capital Private Equity. Before joining Bain Capital Private Equity in 2017, Mr. Wu worked at PricewaterhouseCoopers Consulting with a focus on the technology, media and telecommunications (TMT) sectors and digital solutions across
cloud, e-commerce and
analytics. Prior to that, Mr. Wu worked with airline and telecommunications companies to plan and deliver transformation programs. Mr. Wu received his bachelor’s degree in computer science from Peking University and his MBA degree from the Australian Graduate School of Management at the University of New South Wales.
B.    
Compensation
Compensation of Directors and Executive Officers
For the year ended December 31, 2021, we paid an aggregate of approximately RMB 6.4 million (US$1.0 million) to our directors and executive officers.
 
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Share Incentive Plan
We maintain share incentive plan in order to attract, motivate, retain and reward talent, provide additional incentives to our officers, employees, directors and other eligible persons, and promote the success of our business and the interests of our shareholders.
2016 ESOP Plan
In 2016, our board of directors approved an equity incentive plan, or the 2016 ESOP Plan, by providing additional incentives and awards to attract, retain and motivate eligible senior executives and key employees and to link the interests of the award recipients with our shareholders.
Under the 2016 ESOP Plan, the maximum aggregate number of ordinary shares which may be issued pursuant to all awards under the 2016 ESOP Plan was 7,000,000. Unless otherwise approved by our shareholders, the 2016 ESOP Plan expires ten years after the date of its effectiveness.
In December 2021, our board of directors modified the exercise price of the options to $0.25 per share under the 2016 ESOP Plan, and such options shall be exercised on or prior to December 31, 2022. There were no unvested options as of the date of modification in 2021. As of the date of this annual report, options to purchase 6,804,170 ordinary shares, excluding awards that were forfeited or canceled after the relevant grant dates, have been granted and outstanding under the 2016 ESOP Plan. We incurred share-based compensation expenses upon our initial public offering, the exercisability event, upon which the options were accounted for as a cumulative compensation cost since the service inception date, with the remaining unrecognized compensation cost amortized over the remaining requisite service period. Other than the awards already granted, 195,830 shares are available for grant under the 2016 ESOP Plan as of the date of this annual report.
The following paragraphs summarize the terms of the 2016 ESOP Plan.
Plan administration
. Our compensation committee acts as the plan administrator.
Types of awards
. The 2016 ESOP Plan permits the award of options.
Award agreements
. Each award under the 2016 ESOP Plan will be evidenced by an award agreement between the award recipient and our company.
Eligibility
. Only our senior executives and key employees are eligible to receive awards or grants under the 2016 ESOP Plan.
Term of awards
. The term of each award is stated in the relevant award agreement.
 
Vesting schedule and other restrictions
. The plan administrator has discretion in determining and making adjustment in the individual vesting schedules and other restrictions applicable to the awards granted under the 2016 ESOP Plan. The vesting schedule is set forth in each award agreement. Each award under the 2016 ESOP Plan will expire, or vest or be repurchased by us not more than ten years after the date of grant. A vested option is only exercisable in the event of change of control or an initial public offering, and if a participant who receives the award terminates service with us for cause or resigns when the cause is present, all vested and unvested options shall be forfeited, shall automatically lapse without any compensation and shall have no further force and effect, unless otherwise determined by the plan administrator or set forth in the award agreement.
Exercise price
. The plan administrator has discretion in determining the price of awards, subject to a number of limitations, and has discretion in making adjustments in the exercise price of the options.
Term of 2016 ESOP Plan
. The 2016 ESOP Plan will terminate ten years from its effective date.
Amendment
. Our board of directors has the authority to amend or terminate the 2016 ESOP Plan.
Transfer restrictions
. Except as permitted by the plan administrator, all options are not transferable or assignable, other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution.
As of the date of this annual report, there are no outstanding awards under the 2016 ESOP Plan.
2017 ESOP Plan
In 2017, our board of directors approved an equity incentive plan, or the 2017 ESOP Plan, which became effective upon completion of our initial public offering, to help attract and retain the best available personnel, provide additional incentives to employees, directors and consultants. Per board approval, the awards are for employees, consultants and members of our board of directors for outstanding performance and promote the success of our business.
 
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The maximum aggregate number of ordinary shares which may be issued pursuant to all awards under the 2017 ESOP Plan is 5,000,000. Unless otherwise extended by the plan administrator, the 2017 ESOP Plan will not exceed ten years after the date of its effectiveness.
In December 2021, our board of directors modified certain terms under the 2017 ESOP Plan, pursuant to which (i) the exercise price was adjusted down to US$0.25 per share, (ii) the exercise period was amended to December 31, 2022, (iii) the market conditions were cancelled, and (iv) the vesting of 746,552 options granted to 17 employees was accelerated. 1,433,104 options were modified and the total incremental cost resulted from this modification was RMB136,989 (US$21,497). As of the date of this annual report, options to purchase 1,692,654 ordinary shares, excluding awards that were forfeited or canceled after the relevant grant dates, have been granted and outstanding, and 3,307,346 shares are available for grant under the 2017 ESOP Plan.
The following paragraphs summarize the terms of the 2017 ESOP Plan.
Plan administration.
Our compensation committee acts as the plan administrator.
Types of awards.
The 2017 ESOP Plan permits the award of options, restricted shares, restricted share units, dividend equivalents, deferred shares, share payment and share appreciation rights.
Award agreements.
Each award under the 2017 ESOP Plan is evidenced by an award agreement between the award recipient and our company.
Eligibility.
Only our employees, consultants and board of directors are eligible to receive awards or grants under the 2017 ESOP Plan.
Term of awards.
The term of each award is stated in the relevant award agreement.
Vesting schedule and other restrictions.
The plan administrator has discretion in determining and making adjustments to the individual vesting schedules and other restrictions applicable to the awards granted under the 2017 ESOP Plan. The vesting schedule will be set forth in each award agreement. Each award under the 2017 ESOP Plan will expire, vest or be repurchased by us not more than ten years after the date of grant. The conditions of the exercise of awards will be determined by the plan administrator or set forth in the award agreement.
Exercise price.
The plan administrator has discretion in determining the price of awards, subject to a number of limitations, and has discretion in making adjustments in the exercise price of the options.
Term of 2017 ESOP Plan.
The 2017 ESOP Plan will terminate on the tenth anniversary of its effective date.
Amendment.
The plan administrator has the authority to terminate, amend or modify the 2017 ESOP Plan.
Transfer restrictions.
Except as permitted by the plan administrator, all awards are not transferable or assignable, other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution.
The table below sets forth certain information as of the date of this annual report, concerning the outstanding awards we have granted to our directors and executive officers individually under the 2017 ESOP Plan.
 
Name
  
Ordinary Shares
(1)

Underlying
Outstanding
Awards Granted
    
Price 
(2)

(US$/Share)
    
Date of Grant 
(2)
    
Date of
(2)

Expiration
 
Lihong Wang
               0.25        December 30, 2021        December 31, 2022  
 
*
The outstanding options to purchase ordinary shares in aggregate held by each of these directors and executive officers represent less than 1% of our total outstanding shares.
(1)
Represents options to purchase ordinary shares.
(2)
In 2020, we amended certain options previously granted under the 2017 ESOP Plan in 2019, where the exercise price was amended from US$4.25 to US$1.75. In 2021, we amended certain options previously granted under the 2017 ESOP Plan in 2019, where the exercise price was amended from US$1.75 to US$0.25, and the date of grant was amended from August 14, 2020 to December 30, 2021. The date of expiration was amended from April 1, 2029 to December 31, 2022.
 
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2020 ESOP Plan
In 2020, our board of directors approved a new equity incentive plan, or the 2020 ESOP Plan to help attract and retain the best available personnel, provide additional incentives to employees, directors and consultants. Per board approval, the awards are for employees, consultants and members of our board of directors for outstanding performance.
The maximum aggregate number of ordinary shares which may be issued pursuant to all awards under the 2020 ESOP Plan is three point five percent (3.5%) of all our issued shares (on a converted basis). Unless otherwise extended by the plan administrator, the 2020 ESOP Plan will not exceed ten years after the date of its effectiveness.
In December 2021, our board of directors modified certain terms under the 2020 ESOP Plan, pursuant to which (i) the exercise price was adjusted down to US$0.25 per share, (ii) the exercise period was amended to December 31, 2022, (iii) the market conditions were cancelled, and (iv) the vesting of 277,048 options granted to 6 employees was accelerated. 554,096 options were modified and the total incremental cost resulted from this modification was RMB17,655 (US$2,770). As of the date of this annual report, options to purchase 712,956 ordinary shares, excluding awards that were forfeited or canceled after the relevant grant dates, have been granted and outstanding, and 3,434,538 shares are available for grant under the 2020 ESOP Plan.
The following paragraphs summarize the terms of the 2020 ESOP Plan.
Plan administration
. Our compensation committee acts as the plan administrator.
Types of awards
. The 2020 ESOP Plan permits the award of options, restricted shares, dividend equivalents, deferred shares, share payments, restricted share units and share appreciation rights.
Award agreements
. Each award under the 2020 ESOP Plan will be evidenced by an award agreement between the award recipient and our company.
Eligibility
. Any person who is an employee, a consultant or a
non-employee
director, as determined by the Committee, are eligible to receive awards or grants under the 2020 ESOP Plan.
Term of awards
. The term of each award is stated in the relevant award agreement.
Vesting schedule and other restrictions
. The plan administrator has discretion in determining and making adjustments to the individual vesting schedules and other restrictions applicable to the awards granted under the 2020 ESOP Plan. The vesting schedule will be set forth in each award agreement. Each award under the 2020 ESOP Plan will expire, vest or be repurchased by us not more than ten years after the date of grant. The conditions of the exercise of awards will be determined by the plan administrator or set forth in the award agreement.
Exercise price
. The plan administrator has discretion in determining the price of awards, subject to a number of limitations, and has discretion in making adjustments in the exercise price of the options.
Term of 2020 ESOP Plan.
The 2020 ESOP Plan will terminate on the tenth anniversary of its effective date.
Amendment.
The plan administrator has the authority to terminate, suspend, amend or modify the 2020 ESOP Plan.
Transfer restrictions.
Except as permitted by the plan administrator, all awards are not transferable or assignable, other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution.
The table below sets forth certain information as of the date of this annual report, concerning the outstanding awards we have granted to our directors and executive officers individually under the 2020 ESOP Plan.
 
Name
  
Ordinary Shares
(1)
Underlying

Outstanding

Awards Granted
    
Price 
(2)

(US$/Share)
    
Date of Grant
(2)
    
Date of 
(2)

Expiration
 
Lihong Wang
               0.25        December 30, 2021        December 31, 2022  
 
*
The outstanding options to purchase ordinary shares in aggregate held by each of these directors and executive officers represent less than 1% of our total outstanding shares.
(1)
Represents options to purchase ordinary shares.
(2)
In 2021, we amended certain options previously granted under the 2020 ESOP Plan in 2020, where the exercise price was amended from US$1.75 to US$0.25, and the date of grant was amended from September 11, 2020 to December 30, 2021. The date of expiration was amended from September 11, 2030 to December 31, 2022.
 
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C.    
Board Practice
Our board of directors consists of five directors. A director is not required to hold any shares in our company to qualify to serve as a director. A director who is in any way, whether directly or indirectly, interested in a contract or proposed contract with our company is required to declare the nature of his interest at a meeting of our directors. A general notice given to the directors by any director to the effect that he is a member, shareholder, director, partner, officer or employee of any specified company or firm and is to be regarded as interested in any contract or transaction with that company or firm shall be deemed a sufficient declaration of interest for the purposes of voting on a resolution in respect to a contract or transaction in which he has an interest, and after such general notice it shall not be necessary to give special notice relating to any particular transaction. A director may vote in respect of any contract or proposed contract or arrangement notwithstanding that he may be interested therein and if he does so his vote shall be counted and he may be counted in the quorum at any meeting of the directors at which any such contract or proposed contract or arrangement is considered. Our board of directors may exercise all of the powers of our company to borrow money, to mortgage or charge its undertaking, property and uncalled capital, or any part thereof, and to issue debentures, debenture stock or other securities whenever money is borrowed or as security for any debt, liability or obligation of our company or of any third-party. None of our directors has a service contract with us that provides for benefits upon termination of service.
 
Committees of the Board of Directors
Prior to the completion of our initial public offering, we established an audit committee, a compensation committee and a corporate governance and nominating committee under the board of directors. We intend to adopt a charter for each of the three committees prior to the completion of our initial public offering. Each committee’s members and functions are described below.
Audit Committee
. Our audit committee consists of Weili Hong and Jun Yan, and is chaired by Weili Hong. Each of them satisfies the “independence” requirements of Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Listing Rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market and meet the independence standards under Rule
10A-3
under the Exchange Act. Our board of directors has also determined that Weili Hong qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” within the meaning of the SEC rules and possesses financial sophistication within the meaning of the Listing Rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market. The audit committee oversees our accounting and financial reporting processes and the audits of the financial statements of our company. The audit committee is responsible for, among other things:
 
   
selecting our independent registered public accounting firm and
pre-approving
all auditing and
non-auditing
services permitted to be performed by our independent registered public accounting firm;
 
   
reviewing with our independent registered public accounting firm any audit problems or difficulties and management’s response and approving all proposed related party transactions, as defined in Item 404 of Regulation
S-K;
 
   
discussing the annual audited financial statements with management and our independent registered public accounting firm;
 
   
annually reviewing and reassessing the adequacy of our audit committee charter;
 
   
meeting separately and periodically with the management and our internal auditor and our independent registered public accounting firm;
 
   
reporting regularly to the full board of directors;
 
   
reviewing the adequacy and effectiveness of our accounting and internal control policies and procedures and any steps taken to monitor and control major financial risk exposure; and
 
   
such other matters that are specifically delegated to our audit committee by our board of directors from time to time.
Compensation Committee
. Our compensation committee consists of Zhongjue Chen and Jun Yan, and is chaired by Jun Yan. Jun Yan satisfies the “independence” requirements of Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Listing Rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market. Our compensation committee assists the board in reviewing and approving the compensation structure, including all forms of compensation, relating to our directors and executive officers. Our chief executive officer may not be present at any committee meeting during which her compensation is deliberated upon. The compensation committee is responsible for, among other things:
 
   
reviewing and approving to the board with respect to the total compensation package for our most senior executive officers;
 
   
approving and overseeing the total compensation package for our executives other than the most senior executive officers;
 
   
reviewing and recommending to the board with respect to the compensation of our directors;
 
   
reviewing periodically and approving any long-term incentive compensation or equity plans;
 
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selecting compensation consultants, legal counsel or other advisors after taking into consideration all factors relevant to that person’s independence from management; and
 
   
programs or similar arrangements, annual bonuses, employee pension and welfare benefit plans.
Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee
. Our corporate governance and nominating committee consists of Jonathan Jia Zhu and Weili Hong, and is chaired by Weili Hong. Weili Hong satisfies the “independence” requirements of Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Listing Rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market. The corporate governance and nominating committee assists the board of directors in selecting individuals qualified to become our directors and in determining the composition of the board of directors and its committees. The corporate governance and nominating committee is responsible for, among other things:
 
   
identifying and recommending nominees for election or
re-election
to our board of directors or for appointment to fill any vacancy;
 
   
reviewing annually with our board of directors its current composition in light of the characteristics of independence, age, skills, experience and availability of service to us;
 
   
identifying and recommending to our board the directors to serve as members of committees;
 
   
advising the board periodically with respect to significant developments in the law and practice of corporate governance as well as our compliance with applicable laws and regulations, and making recommendations to our board of directors on all matters of corporate governance and on any corrective action to be taken; and
 
   
monitoring compliance with our code of business conduct and ethics, including reviewing the adequacy and effectiveness of our procedures to ensure proper compliance.
Duties of Directors
Under Cayman Islands law, our directors owe fiduciary duties to our company, including a duty of loyalty, a duty to act honestly, and a duty to act in what they consider in good faith to be in our best interests. Our directors must also exercise their powers only for a proper purpose. Our directors also owe to our company a duty to exercise the skill they actually possess and such care and diligence that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances. In fulfilling their duty of care to us, our directors must ensure compliance with our memorandum and articles of association, as amended and restated from time to time, and the class rights vested thereunder in the holders of the shares. Our company has the right to seek damages if a duty owed by our directors is breached. In limited exceptional circumstances, a shareholder may have the right to seek damages in our name if a duty owed by our directors is breached.
Our board of directors has all the powers necessary for managing, and for directing and supervising, our business affairs. The functions and powers of our board of directors include, among others:
 
   
convening shareholders’ annual general meetings and reporting its work to shareholders at such meetings;
 
   
declaring dividends and distributions;
 
   
appointing officers and determining the term of office of officers;
 
   
exercising the borrowing powers of our company and mortgaging the property of our company; and
 
   
approving the transfer of shares of our company, including the registering of such shares in our share register.
Terms of Directors and Executive Officers
Each of our directors shall hold office until the expiration of his or her term and his or her successor shall have been elected and qualified, or until his or her office is otherwise vacated. All of our executive officers are appointed by and serve at the discretion of our board of directors. Our directors may be removed from office by an ordinary resolution of shareholders. In addition, a director will be removed from office automatically if, among other things, the director (i) becomes bankrupt or makes any arrangement or composition with his or her creditors; (ii) dies or is found to be or becomes of unsound mind; (iii) resigns by notice in writing to our company; (iv) without special leave of absence from our board of directors, is absent from three consecutive meetings of the board and the board resolves that his or her office be vacated; (v) is prohibited by law from being a director; or (vi) is removed from office pursuant to any other provisions of our memorandum and articles of association. The compensation of our directors is determined by the board of directors. There is no mandatory retirement age for directors.
 
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Employment Agreements and Indemnification Agreements
We have standardized employment agreements with our executive officers. Each of our executive officers is employed for a continuous term, or a specified time period which will be automatically extended, unless either we or the executive officer gives prior notice to terminate such employment. We may terminate the employment for cause, at any time, without notice or remuneration, for certain acts of the executive officer, including but not limited to the commitments of any serious or persistent breach or
non-observance
of the terms and conditions of the employment, conviction of a criminal offense other than one which in the opinion of the board does not affect the executive’s position, willful, disobedience of a lawful and reasonable order, misconducts being inconsistent with the due and faithful discharge of the executive officer’s material duties, fraud or dishonesty, or habitual neglect of his or her duties. An executive officer may terminate his or her employment at any time with a three- to
six-month
prior written notice.
Each executive officer is expected to hold, both during and after the employment agreement expires or is earlier terminated, in strict confidence and not to use or disclose to any person, corporation or other entity without written consent, any confidential information or trade secrets. Each executive officer is expected to disclose in confidence to us all inventions, intellectual and industry property rights and trade secrets which they made, discover, conceive, develop or reduce to practice during the executive officer’s employment with us and to assign to our company all his or her all associated titles, interests, patents, patent rights, copyrights, trade secret rights, trademarks, trademark rights, mask work rights and other intellectual property and rights anywhere in the world which the executive officer may solely or jointly conceive, invent, discover, reduce to practice, create, drive, develop or make, or cause to be conceived, invented, discovered, reduced to practice, created, driven, developed or made, during the period of the executive officer’s employment with us that are either related to our business, actual or demonstrably anticipated research or development or any of our products or services being developed, manufactured, marketed, sold, or are related to the scope of the employment or make use of our resources. In addition, all executive officers have agreed to be bound by
non-competition
and
non-solicitation
restrictions set forth in their agreements. Each executive officer has agreed to devote all his or her working time and attention to our business and use best efforts to develop our business and interests. Moreover, each executive officer has agreed not to, for a certain period following termination of his or her employment or expiration of the employment agreement: (i) carry on or be engaged, concerned or interested directly or indirectly whether as shareholder, director, employee, partner, agent or otherwise carry on any business in direct competition with us, (ii) solicit or entice away any of our customer, client, representative or agent, or (iii) employ, solicit or entice away or attempt to employ, solicit or entice away any of our officers, managers, consultants or employees.
We have entered into indemnification agreements with our directors and executive officers, pursuant to which we will agree to indemnify our directors and executive officers against certain liabilities and expenses incurred by such persons in connection with claims made by reason of their being such a director or an executive officer.
D.    
Employees
As of the date of this report, other than our executive officers as described above, we have no employees and has not retained any contractor (other than consultants and advisors in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice or in connection with the hearing with the Nasdaq).
E.    
Share Ownership
The following table sets forth information concerning the beneficial ownership of our ordinary shares as of the date of this annual report:
 
   
each of our directors and executive officers;
 
   
each person known to us to beneficially own more than 5% of our ordinary shares; and
 
   
each selling shareholder.
The calculations in the table below are based on 118,499,830 ordinary shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022.
Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC. In computing the number of shares beneficially owned by a person and the percentage ownership of that person, we have included shares that the person has the right to acquire within 60 days of our initial public offering, including through the exercise of any option, warrant, or other right or the conversion of any other security. These shares, however, are not included in the computation of the percentage ownership of any other person.
 
    
Ordinary Shares
Beneficially Owned
    
Percentage of Total
Voting Power held (%†)
 
Directors and Executive Officers:
(1)
     
Lihong Wang
     3,171,296        2.7
All directors and executive officers as a group
     3,171,296        2.6
Principal Shareholders:
     
Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited
(2)
     70,800,808        59.7
 
*
Less than 1% of our total outstanding shares.
 
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For each person and group included in this column, percentage ownership is calculated by dividing the number of ordinary shares beneficially owned by such person or group, including shares that such person or group has the right to acquire within 60 days after the date of this annual report, by the sum of (i) 118,499,830 which is the total number of ordinary shares outstanding as of March 31, 2022, and (ii) the number of ordinary shares that such person or group has the right to acquire beneficial ownership within 60 days after the date of this annual report.
(1)
The business address of Mr. Zhongjue Chen and Mr. Jonathan Jia Zhu is Suite 2501, Level 25, One Pacific Place, 88 Queensway, Hong Kong, and the business address of Ms. Lihong Wang and our other directors and executive officers is c/o Maples Corporate Services Limited, PO Box 309, Ugland House, Grand Cayman, KY1-1104, Cayman Islands.
(2)
Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited, or Bain Capital Entity, is owned by Bain Capital Asia Integral Investors, L.P. Bain Capital Investors, LLC, or BCI, is the general partner of Bain Capital Asia Integral Investors, L.P. The governance, investment strategy and decision-making process with respect to investments held by the Bain Capital Entity is directed by the Global Private Equity Board of BCI. As a result of the relationships described above, BCI may be deemed to share beneficial ownership of the shares held by the Bain Capital Entity. The Bain Capital Entity has an address c/o Bain Capital Private Equity, LP, 200 Clarendon Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02116.
We are currently controlled by Bain Capital IV Cayman Limited, or Bain Capital. As of December 31, 2021, Bain Capital indirectly beneficially owns approximately 59.7% of the voting power of our outstanding shares.
To our knowledge, as of the date of this annual report, 47,699,022 of our ordinary shares, representing approximately 40.3% of our total outstanding ordinary shares, were held by record holders in the United States, including 46,162,798 ordinary shares held by JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A. as the depositary of our ADS program and 1,536,224 ordinary shares held by six individual shareholders. None of our existing shareholders has different voting rights from other shareholders. None of our existing shareholders has informed us that it is affiliated with a registered broker-dealer or is in the business of underwriting securities. We are not aware of any arrangement that may, at a subsequent date, result in a change of control of our company.
 
ITEM 7.
MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
A.    
Major Shareholders
See “Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees—E. Share Ownership.”
B.    
Related Party Transactions
Share Incentive Plan
See “Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees—B. Compensation—Share Incentive Plan.”
Employment Agreements and Indemnification Agreements
See “Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees—C. Board Practice—Employment Agreements and Indemnification Agreements.”
Other Transactions with Related Parties
As previously discussed, as part of the Sale, we also sold all of the equity interests in RISE Education International Limited and Rise IP (Cayman) Limited to Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited on December 30, 2021. We are currently controlled by Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited, which beneficially owned approximately 59.7% of the voting power of our outstanding shares as of December 31, 2021.
We entered into a convertible loan agreement with Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited on December 1, 2021, pursuant to which Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited granted a convertible loan of RMB108.3 million (US$17 million) to the Company, mature at June 30, 2023. The loan is convertible into ordinary shares of the Company at US$0.35 per share, or US$0.70 per ADS, representing a premium of 10% over the volume weighted average closing price of the Company’s ADSs (each representing two ordinary shares) published on the relevant page on Bloomberg that shows such price on each day for a period of ten trading days prior to the date of the Convertible Loan Deed. Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited plans to exercise conversion right when the Company completes the Merger with NaaS around
mid-2022.
 
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On February 8, 2022, we entered into the Merger Agreement with NaaS, pursuant to which the shareholders of NaaS will exchange all of the issued and outstanding share capital of NaaS for newly issued shares of the Company on the terms and conditions set forth therein. Upon consummation of the Transaction, NaaS will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. BCPE Nutcracker Cayman, L.P., an affiliate of Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited, holds approximately 0.9% and 16.9% of the outstanding shares of NaaS and Newlink, respectively.
C.    
Interest of Experts and Counsel
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 8.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
A.    
Consolidated Financial Statements and Other Financial Information
We have appended consolidated financial statements filed as part of this annual report.
B.    
Significant Changes
Except as disclosed elsewhere in this annual report, we have not experienced any significant changes since the date of our audited consolidated financial statements included in this annual report.
 
ITEM 9.
THE OFFER AND LISTING
A.    
Offer and Listing Details
Our ADSs have been listed on the NASDAQ Global Market since October 20, 2017 and traded under the symbol “REDU.” Each ADS represents two ordinary shares.
B.    
Plan of Distribution
Not applicable.
C.    
Markets
Our ADSs have been listed on the NASDAQ Global Market since October 20, 2017 under the symbol “REDU.”
D.    
Selling Shareholders
Not applicable.
E.    
Dilution
Not applicable.
F.    
Expenses of the Issue
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 10.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
A.    
Share Capital
Not applicable.
B.    
Memorandum and Articles of Association
We incorporate by reference into this annual report our Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association, the form of which was filed as Exhibit 3.2 to our registration statement on Form
F-1
(File Number:
333-220587)
filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 22, 2017. Our board of directors adopted our Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association by a special resolution on September 22, 2017, which became effective immediately prior to completion of our initial public offering of ADSs representing our ordinary shares.
 
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C.    
Material Contracts
The following summarizes each material contract, other than contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business, to which we or any subsidiary of ours is a party for the immediately preceding two years.
WFOE Purchase Agreement.
On December 1, 2021, the Company, Wuhan Xinsili Culture Development Co., Ltd. (the “Buyer SPV”), Rise (Tianjin) Education Information Consulting Co., Ltd. (“WFOE”), Beijing Step Ahead Education Technology Development Co., Ltd. (“VIE”), RISE Education International Limited (“Rise HK”) and Rise IP (Cayman) Limited (“Rise IP”) entered into a purchase agreement (the “WFOE Purchase Agreement”). The Buyer SPV is a newly-formed limited liability company controlled by the buyer consortium (the “Buyer Consortium”) consisting of certain franchisees of the Company and an affiliate of the Company’s senior management, who are PRC nationals.
Pursuant to the WFOE Purchase Agreement, the Company has agreed to, through Rise HK, sell all of the equity interests in WFOE to the Buyer Consortium (the “WFOE Sale”), in consideration of the Buyer Consortium (i) paying to Rise HK a nominal consideration, and (ii) assuming all liabilities of WFOE and its subsidiaries. Conditions precedent to the WFOE Sale include, among others, (i) Rise HK and Rise IP shall grant WFOE or other entities designated by the Buyer Consortium a royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable and exclusive license over all intellectual property rights owned by or licensed to Rise HK and/ or Rise IP, (ii) the Company shall make an additional capital contribution to WFOE in US dollars equivalent of RMB20 million, and (iii) the lenders (the “Lenders”) of the facilities agreement dated March 18, 2021 relating to the term and revolving facilities of up to an aggregate amount of US$80,000,000 (the “Facilities Agreement”) shall have released the applicable guarantees, obligations and equity pledges provided by WFOE and VIE. In addition, the Buyer SPV and its affiliates warrant that they will have no less than RMB100,000,000 at the closing of the WFOE Sale to fund the business operations of WFOE and its subsidiaries after completion of the Sale.
IP Holdco Purchase Agreement
. On December 1, 2021, the Company entered into a share purchase agreement (the “IP Holdco Purchase Agreement”) with Rise Education Cayman I Ltd (the “IP Seller”) and Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited, a major shareholder of the Company (the “Shareholder”). The IP Seller is also the borrower (the “Borrower”) under the Facilities Agreement. Pursuant to the IP Holdco Purchase Agreement, the Company and the IP Seller have agreed to sell all of the equity interests in Rise HK and Rise IP to the Shareholder in consideration of the Shareholder (i) on behalf of the Borrower, paying US$2,500,000 to the Lenders in settlement of the Facilities Agreement, and (ii) causing Rise HK and Rise IP to grant WFOE or other entities designated by the Buyer Consortium a royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable and exclusive license over all intellectual property rights owned by or licensed to Rise HK and/or Rise IP (the “IP Sale”, and together with the WFOE Sale, the “Sale”). The IP Sale is subject to, among other customary conditions precedent, the completion of the WFOE Sale.
Settlement Agreement.
In connection with the Sale, the Borrower, WFOE, VIE and the Shareholder and certain other parties entered into a settlement agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) with the Lenders on December 1, 2021. Under the Settlement Agreement, the Lenders agreed to (i) acknowledge and consent to the Sale, (ii) discharge and release all liabilities and obligations of the Company and its subsidiaries under the Facilities Agreement in the amount of US$55,746,367.04; (iii) terminate, release and discharge all security interest, guarantee and indemnity created in connection with the Facilities Agreement; and (iv) waive, release and discharge all claims arising from or in connection with the Facilities Agreement, in exchange for (i) an aggregate amount of US$10,377,972.06, and (ii) the transfer of all interest in the Edge business (the “Edge Business”) that offers admission consulting, academic tutoring and test preparation services in Hong Kong and Singapore for students who intend to study abroad to a person nominated by the Lenders, and the obligation of the Borrower and the Shareholder to use their respective reasonable endeavors to run and manage the sale of the Edge Business to a third party for the 12 months following completion of the settlement contemplated under the Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement”). The Settlement is subject to, among other customary conditions precedent, the credit approval for each Lender, which the Lenders undertake to take all reasonable actions and steps required to obtain on or before December 17, 2021.
Convertible Loan Deed
. In order for the Company to make the settlement payment under the Settlement Agreement, make an additional capital contribution to WFOE pursuant to the WFOE Purchase Agreement and pay for certain operating expenses, the Company entered into a convertible loan deed with the Shareholder on December 1, 2021 (the “Convertible Loan Deed”), pursuant to which the Shareholder will provide an interest-free convertible loan of US$17 million to the Company, mature at June 30, 2023, convertible into ordinary shares of the Company at US$0.35 per share, or US$0.70 per ADS, representing a premium of 10% over the volume weighted average closing price of the Company’s ADSs (each representing two ordinary shares) published on the relevant page on Bloomberg that shows such price on each day for a period of ten trading days prior to the date of the Convertible Loan Deed (the “Convertible Loan”). In addition, at any time prior to the date falling 30 days after the date of the Convertible Loan Deed (the “Solicitation Period”), the Company has the right to solicit and raise alternative financing and prepay any drawn portion of the Convertible Loan and cancel any undrawn portion of the Convertible Loan in full with proceeds from such alternative financing. The Shareholder shall not have the right to convert the Convertible Loan during the Solicitation Period.
The Company announced closing of the Sale on December 30, 2021, upon which the Company has, through its subsidiaries, sold substantially all of its assets.
Merger Agreement
. On February 8, 2022, the Company announced that it and Dada Auto Inc. (“NaaS”), a leading operation and technology provider serving China’s electric vehicle (“EV”) charging market, entered into a definitive Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), pursuant to which the shareholders of NaaS will exchange all of the issued and outstanding share capital of NaaS for newly issued shares of the Company on the terms and conditions set forth therein in a transaction exempt from the registration requirements under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Merger”). Upon consummation of the Merger, NaaS will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.
 
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Support Agreement
. On February 8, 2022, Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited, has entered into a support agreement (the “Support Agreement”), agreeing to vote in favor of the Merger and other proposals as may be reasonably agreed to by NaaS and the Company as necessary or appropriate in connection with the consummation of the Merger.
Voting Agreement
. In connection with the execution of the Merger Agreement, Newlinks Technology Limited, the parent company of NaaS, entered into a voting agreement with the Company and NaaS. Also in connection with the execution of the Merger Agreement, BCPE Nutcracker Cayman, L.P., an affiliate of the Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited, which holds approximately 0.9% and 16.9% of the outstanding shares of NaaS and Newlink, respectively, as of the date of this annual report, entered into a voting agreement with the Company and NaaS (the “Newlink Shareholder Voting Agreement”, collectively with the Newlink Voting Agreement, the “Voting Agreements”), pursuant to which Newlink and BCPE Nutcracker Cayman, L.P. have, among other things, agreed to vote all of the shares that they beneficially own in NaaS and Newlink, as applicable, to approve of the Merger and other proposals as may be reasonably agreed to by the Company and NaaS as necessary or appropriate in connection with the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement.
D.    
Exchange Controls
The Cayman Islands currently has no exchange control regulations or currency restrictions.
E.    
Taxation
The following summary of Cayman Islands, PRC and U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in the ADSs or ordinary shares is based upon laws and relevant interpretations thereof in effect as of the date of this annual report, all of which are subject to change. This summary does not deal with all possible tax consequences relating to an investment in the ADSs or ordinary shares, such as the tax consequences under state, local and other tax laws, or tax laws of jurisdictions other than the Cayman Islands, the PRC and the United States. To the extent that the discussion relates to matters of Cayman Islands tax law, it represents the opinion of Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP, our counsel as to Cayman Islands law.
Cayman Islands Tax Considerations
The Cayman Islands currently levies no taxes on individuals or corporations based upon profits, income, gains or appreciation and there is no taxation in the nature of inheritance tax or estate duty. There are no other taxes likely to be material to us levied by the government of the Cayman Islands except for stamp duties which may be applicable on instruments executed in, or brought within, the jurisdiction of the Cayman Islands. The Cayman Islands is not party to any double tax treaties which are applicable to any payments made by or to our company. There are no exchange control regulations or currency restrictions in the Cayman Islands.
Payments of dividends and capital in respect of our ordinary shares or ADSs will not be subject to taxation in the Cayman Islands and no withholding will be required on the payment of a dividend or capital to any holder of our ordinary shares or ADSs, nor will gains derived from the disposal of our ordinary shares or ADSs be subject to Cayman Islands income or corporation tax.
No stamp duty is payable in respect of the issue of our ordinary shares or on an instrument of transfer in respect of our ordinary shares except on instruments executed in, or brought within, the jurisdiction of the Cayman Islands.
People’s Republic of China Tax Considerations
Under the EIT Law, which was promulgated on March 16, 2007 and amended on February 24, 2017 and December 29, 2018, an enterprise established outside the PRC with “de facto management bodies” within the PRC is considered a “resident enterprise” for PRC enterprise income tax purposes and is generally subject to a uniform 25% enterprise income tax rate on its worldwide income. In 2009, the SAT issued SAT Circular 82, which provides certain specific criteria for determining whether the “de facto management body” of a PRC controlled enterprise that is incorporated offshore is located in China. Further to SAT Circular 82, in 2011, the SAT issued SAT Bulletin 45 to provide more guidance on the implementation of SAT Circular 82.
According to SAT Circular 82, an offshore incorporated enterprise controlled by a PRC enterprise or a PRC enterprise group will be considered a PRC resident enterprise by virtue of having its “de facto management body” in China and will be subject to PRC enterprise income tax on its worldwide income only if all of the following conditions are met: (a) the senior management and core management departments in charge of its daily operations function have their presence mainly in the PRC; (b) its financial and human resources decisions are subject to determination or approval by persons or bodies in the PRC; (c) its major assets, accounting books, company seals, and minutes and files of its board and shareholders’ meetings are located or kept in the PRC; and (d) more than half of the enterprise’s directors or senior management with voting rights habitually reside in the PRC. Although SAT Circular 82 and SAT Bulletin 45 apply to offshore incorporated enterprises controlled by PRC enterprises or PRC enterprise groups, the determination criteria set forth therein may reflect the SAT’s general position on how the term “de facto management body” could be applied in determining the tax resident status of offshore enterprises, regardless of whether they are controlled by PRC enterprises, individuals or foreigners.
 
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We believe that we do not meet all of the criteria described above. We believe that neither we nor our subsidiaries outside of China are PRC tax resident enterprises, because neither we nor they are controlled by a PRC enterprise or PRC enterprise group, and because our records and their records (including the resolutions of the respective boards of directors and the resolutions of shareholders) are maintained outside the PRC. However, as the tax resident status of an enterprise is subject to determination by the PRC tax authorities and uncertainties remain with respect to the interpretation of the term “de facto management body” when applied to our offshore entities, we may be considered a resident enterprise and therefore may be subject to PRC enterprise income tax at a rate of 25% on our worldwide income. In addition, if the PRC tax authorities determine that we are a PRC resident enterprise for PRC enterprise income tax purposes, dividends we pay to
non-PRC
holders may be subject to PRC withholding tax, and gains realized on the sale or other disposition of ADSs or ordinary shares may be subject to PRC tax, at a rate of 10% in the case of
non-PRC
enterprises or 20% in the case of
non-PRC
individuals, if such dividends or gains are deemed to be from PRC sources. These rates may be reduced by an applicable tax treaty. Any such tax may reduce the returns on your investment in the ADSs.
 
United States Federal Income Tax Considerations
The following summary describes the material United States federal income tax consequences of the ownership of our ordinary shares and ADSs as of the date hereof. The discussion set forth below is applicable only to United States Holders and deals only with ordinary shares and ADSs held as capital assets (generally, property held for investment) under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code. As used herein, the term “United States Holder” means a beneficial owner of an ordinary share or ADS that is for United States federal income tax purposes:
 
   
an individual citizen or resident of the United States;
 
   
a corporation (or other entity treated as a corporation for United States federal income tax purposes) created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia;
 
   
an estate the income of which is subject to United States federal income taxation regardless of its source; or
 
   
a trust if it (1) is subject to the primary supervision of a court within the United States and one or more United States persons has or have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust or (2) has a valid election in effect under applicable United States Treasury regulations to be treated as a United States person.
If a partnership holds our ordinary shares or ADSs, the tax treatment of a partner will generally depend upon the status of the partner and the activities of the partner and partnership. If you are a partnership or a partner of a partnership holding our ordinary shares or ADSs, you should consult your tax advisors.
This discussion is based upon existing U.S. federal income tax law, which is subject to differing interpretations or change, possibly with retroactive effect. This discussion is based, in part, upon representations made by the depositary to us and assumes that the deposit agreement, and all other related agreements, have been and will be performed in accordance with their terms. No ruling has been sought from the Internal Revenue Service with respect to any U.S. federal income tax consequences described below, and there can be no assurance that the Internal Revenue Service or a court will not take a contrary position. Additionally, this discussion does not address the U.S. federal estate, gift, Medicare and alternative minimum tax considerations or any state, local and
non-U.S.
tax considerations, relating to the ownership or disposition of our ADSs or ordinary shares and does not address all aspects of U.S. federal income taxation that may be important to particular investors in light of their individual circumstances or to persons in special tax situations such as:
 
   
a dealer in securities or currencies;
 
   
a bank or other financial institution;
 
   
a regulated investment company;
 
   
a real estate investment trust;
 
   
an insurance company;
 
   
a
tax-exempt
organization;
 
   
a person holding our ordinary shares or ADSs as part of a hedging, integrated or conversion transaction, a constructive sale or a straddle;
 
   
a trader in securities that has elected the
mark-to-market
method of accounting for your securities;
 
   
a person who acquires his ADSs or ordinary shares pursuant to an employee share option or otherwise as compensation;
 
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a person who owns or is deemed to own ADSs or shares representing 10% or more of our vote or value;
 
   
a U.S. expatriate;
 
   
an S corporation, partnership or other pass-through entity for United States federal income tax purposes;
 
   
a person subject to the base erosion and anti-abuse tax;
 
   
a person required to accelerate recognition of any item of gross income with respect to our ADSs or shares as a result of such income being recognized on an applicable financial statement; or
 
   
a person whose “functional currency” is not the United States dollar.
If you are considering the purchase, ownership or disposition of our ordinary shares or ADSs, you should consult your own tax advisors concerning the United States federal income tax consequences to you in light of your particular situation as well as any consequences arising under the laws of any other taxing jurisdiction.
ADSs
If you hold ADSs, for United States federal income tax purposes you generally will be treated as the owner of the underlying ordinary shares that are represented by such ADSs. Accordingly, deposits or withdrawals of ordinary shares for ADSs will not be subject to United States federal income tax.
 
Taxation of Dividends
Subject to the discussion under “—Passive Foreign Investment Company Rules” below, the gross amount of distributions on the ADSs or ordinary shares (including any amounts withheld to reflect PRC withholding taxes) will be taxable as dividends, to the extent paid out of our current or accumulated earnings and profits, as determined under United States federal income tax principles. Because we do not intend to determine our earnings and profits on the basis of U.S. federal income tax principles, any distribution we pay generally will be treated as a dividend for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Such income (including withheld taxes) will be includible in your gross income as ordinary income on the day actually or constructively received by you, in the case of the ordinary shares, or by the depositary, in the case of ADSs. Such dividends will not be eligible for the dividends received deduction allowed to corporations under the Code. The following discussion assumes that all dividends will be paid in U.S. Dollars.
A
non-corporate
United States Holder will be subject to tax at the preferential tax rate applicable to “qualified dividend income,” provided that certain conditions are satisfied, including that (1) our ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such ordinary shares) are readily tradeable on an establishes securities market in the United States or, in the event that we are deemed to be a PRC tax resident enterprise under PRC tax law, we are eligible for the benefits of the United
States-PRC
income tax treaty (the “Treaty”), (2) we are neither a PFIC nor treated as such with respect to a United States Holder (as discussed below) for the taxable year in which the dividend was paid and the preceding taxable year, and (3) certain holding period requirements are met. We expect our ADSs (but not our ordinary shares) will be readily tradeable on an established securities market in the United States. There can be no assurance, however, that our ADSs will be considered readily tradable on an established securities market in subsequent years.
In the event that we are deemed to be a PRC tax resident enterprise under PRC tax law, you may be subject to PRC withholding taxes on dividends paid on our ADSs or ordinary shares, as described under “—People’s Republic of China Tax Considerations.” If we are deemed to be a PRC tax resident enterprise, we may, however, be eligible for the benefits of the Treaty. If we are eligible for such benefits, dividends we pay on our ordinary shares, regardless of whether such shares are represented by our ADSs, may be eligible for the reduced rates of taxation applicable to qualified dividend income, as discussed above.
Dividends will generally be treated as income from foreign sources for U.S. foreign tax credit purposes and will generally constitute passive category income. Depending on the United States Holder’s individual facts and circumstances, a United States Holder may be eligible, subject to a number of complex limitations, to claim a foreign tax credit in respect of any foreign withholding taxes imposed on dividends received on our ADSs or ordinary shares. The rules governing the foreign tax credit are complex. Accordingly, United States Holders are urged to consult their tax advisors regarding the availability of the foreign tax credit under their particular circumstances. A United States Holder who does not elect to claim a foreign tax credit for foreign tax withheld may instead claim a deduction, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, in respect of such withholding, but only for a year in which such holder elects to do so for all creditable foreign income taxes.
 
Sale or Other Disposition
Subject to the discussion below under “—Passive Foreign Investment Company Rules,” a United States Holder generally will recognize capital gain or loss upon the sale or other disposition of ADSs or ordinary shares in an amount equal to the difference between the amount realized upon the disposition and the holder’s adjusted tax basis in such ADSs or ordinary shares. Any capital gain or loss will be long-term if the ADSs or ordinary shares have been held for more than one year and generally will be U.S.-source gain or loss for U.S. foreign tax credit purposes. The deductibility of a capital loss may be subject to limitations. In the event that gain from the disposition of the ADSs or ordinary shares is subject to tax in the PRC, such gain may be treated as
PRC-source
gain under the Treaty. United States Holders are urged to consult their tax advisors regarding the tax consequences if a foreign tax is imposed on a disposition of our ADSs or ordinary shares, including the availability of the foreign tax credit under their particular circumstances.
 
 
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Passive Foreign Investment Company Rules
Based on the composition of our income and assets, and valuation of our assets, and the market value of our ADSs, we do not believe we were a PFIC for the taxable year ended December 31, 2021, although there can be no assurance in this regard.
In general, we will be a PFIC for any taxable year in which:
 
   
at least 75% of our gross income is passive income; or
 
   
at least 50% of the value (determined on the basis of a quarterly average) of our assets is attributable to assets that produce or are held for the production of passive income.
For this purpose, passive income generally includes dividends, interest, royalties and rents (other than royalties and rents derived in the active conduct of a trade or business and not derived from a related person). Additionally, for this purpose, cash is categorized as a passive asset and a company’s goodwill associated with active business activity is taken into account as a
non-passive
asset. If we own at least 25% (by value) of the stock of another corporation, we will be treated, for purposes of the PFIC tests, as owning our proportionate share of the other corporation’s assets and receiving our proportionate share of the other corporation’s income.
While we do not believe we were a PFIC for the taxable year ended December 31, 2021, the determination of whether we are a PFIC must be determined on an annual basis. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will not be a PFIC in any future taxable years. The determination of whether we are or will become a PFIC will depend on the composition of our income (which may differ from our historical results and current projections) and the assets and value of our assets from time to time, including, in particular, the value of our goodwill and other unbooked intangibles (which may depend on the market value of our ADSs from
time-to-time
and may be volatile). Among other matters, if our market capitalization declines, we may be a PFIC for the current or future taxable years. It is also possible that the Internal Revenue Service may challenge our classification or valuation of our goodwill and other unbooked intangibles, which may result in our company being, or becoming, a PFIC for any prior taxable year, the current taxable year or future taxable years. The determination of whether we will be or become a PFIC may also depend, in part on how, and how quickly, we use our liquid assets, including cash. Accordingly, we cannot assure you that we will not be a PFIC for the current taxable year or any future taxable year. If we are a PFIC for any taxable year during which you hold our ADSs or ordinary shares, you will be subject to special tax rules discussed below.
If we are a PFIC for any taxable year during which you hold our ADSs or ordinary shares, you will be subject to special tax rules with respect to any “excess distribution” received and any gain realized from a sale or other disposition, including, in some circumstances, a pledge, of ADSs or ordinary shares. Distributions received in a taxable year that are greater than 125% of the average annual distributions received during the shorter of the three preceding taxable years or your holding period for the ADSs or ordinary shares will be treated as excess distributions. Under these special tax rules:
 
   
the excess distribution or gain will be allocated ratably over your holding period for the ADSs or ordinary shares;
 
   
the amount allocated to the current taxable year, and any taxable year prior to the first taxable year in which we were a PFIC, will be treated as ordinary income; and
 
   
the amount allocated to each other year will be subject to tax at the highest tax rate in effect for that year and the interest charge generally applicable to underpayments of tax will be imposed on the resulting tax attributable to each such year.
In addition,
non-corporate
United States Holders will not be eligible for reduced rates of taxation on any dividends received from us if we are a PFIC in the taxable year in which such dividends are paid or in the preceding taxable year.
If we were a PFIC for any taxable year during which you hold our ADSs or ordinary shares and any of our
non-United
States subsidiaries was also a PFIC, you would be treated as owning a proportionate amount (by value) of the shares of the lower-tier PFIC for purposes of the application of these rules. You are urged to consult your tax advisors about the application of the PFIC rules to any of our subsidiaries.
 
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As an alternative to the foregoing rules, a United States Holder of “marketable stock” in a PFIC may make a
mark-to-market
election with respect to such stock, provided that such stock is “regularly traded.” For those purposes, our ADSs, but not our ordinary shares, will be treated as marketable stock upon their listing on the Nasdaq. However, no assurances may be given that the ADSs will be regularly traded at all times. If a United States Holder makes this election, the holder will generally (i) include as ordinary income for each taxable year that we are a PFIC the excess, if any, of the fair market value of the ADSs held at the end of the taxable year over the adjusted tax basis of such ADSs held at the end of the taxable year and (ii) deduct as an ordinary loss the excess, if any of the adjusted tax basis of the ADSs over the fair market value of such ADSs held at the end of the taxable year, but such deduction will only be allowed to the extent of the amount previously included in income as a result of the
mark-to-market
election. Such United States Holders’ adjusted tax basis in the ADSs will be increased by the amount of any such income inclusion and decreased by the amount of any such deductions under the
mark-to-market
rules. If a United States Holder makes a
mark-to-market
election in respect of a corporation classified as a PFIC and such corporation ceases to be classified as a PFIC, the holder will not be required to take into account the gain or loss described above during any period that such corporation is not classified as a PFIC. If a United States Holder makes a
mark-to-market
election, any gain such United States Holder recognizes upon the sale or other disposition of our ADSs in a year when we are a PFIC will be treated as ordinary income and any loss will be treated as ordinary loss, but such loss will only be treated as ordinary loss to the extent of the net amount previously included in income as a result of the
mark-to-market
election. If you make a
mark-to-market
election it will be effective for the taxable year for which the election is made and all subsequent taxable years unless the ADSs are no longer regularly traded on a qualified exchange or the Internal Revenue Service consents to the revocation of the election. You are urged to consult your tax advisor about the availability of the
mark-to-market
election, and whether making the election would be advisable in your particular circumstances.
Because, as a technical matter, a
mark-to-market
election cannot be made for any lower-tier PFICs that we may own, a United States Holder may continue to be subject to the PFIC rules with respect to such United States Holder’s indirect interest in any investments held by us that are treated as an equity interest in a PFIC for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
We do not intend to provide the information United States Holders would need to make a qualified electing fund election for the current taxable year, and as such the qualified electing fund election has not been and will not be available to United States Holders.
You will generally be required to file Internal Revenue Service Form 8621 if you hold our ADSs or ordinary shares in any year in which we are classified as a PFIC. You are urged to consult your tax advisors concerning the United States federal income tax consequences of holding ADSs or ordinary shares if we are considered a PFIC in any taxable year.
 
Information Reporting and Backup Withholding
In general, information reporting will apply to dividends in respect of our ADSs or ordinary shares and the proceeds from the sale, exchange or redemption of our ADSs or ordinary shares that are paid to you within the United States (and in certain cases, outside the United States), unless you are an exempt recipient. Backup withholding may also apply to such payments if you fail to provide a taxpayer identification number and make other required certifications, unless you otherwise establish an exemption.
Backup withholding is not an additional tax. Any amounts withheld under the backup withholding rules will be allowed as a refund or a credit against your United States federal income tax liability provided the required information is furnished to the Internal Revenue Service in a timely manner.
You are urged to consult your own tax advisors regarding the application of the information reporting and backup withholding rules.
Information with respect to foreign financial assets
Certain United States Holders are required to report information relating to ADSs or ordinary shares, subject to certain exceptions (including an exception for ADSs or ordinary shares held in accounts maintained by certain financial institutions). You are urged to consult your own tax advisors regarding information reporting requirements relating to your ownership of the ADSs or ordinary shares.
F.    
Dividends and Paying Agents
Not applicable.
G.    
Statement by Experts
Not applicable.
H.    
Documents on Display
We previously filed with the SEC registration statement on Form
F-1
(File Number
333-220587),
as amended, including prospectus contained therein, to register additional securities that become effective immediately upon filing, to register our ordinary shares in relation to our initial public offering. We also filed with the SEC registration statement on Form
F-1
(File Number:
333-225414),
as amended, including the prospectus contained therein, to register our ordinary shares in relation to a
follow-on
public offering. We also filed with the SEC related registration statement on Form
F-6
(File Number:
333-220873)
to register the ADSs and registration statement on Form
S-8
(File Number:
333-222775
and
333-248729)
to register our securities to be issued under our 2016 ESOP Plan, 2017 ESOP Plan and 2020 ESOP Plan.
 
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We are subject to the periodic reporting and other informational requirements of the Exchange Act as applicable to foreign private issuers. Under the Exchange Act, we are required to file reports and other information with the SEC. Specifically, we are required to file annually a Form
20-F
within four months after the end of each fiscal year. Copies of reports and other information, when so filed with the SEC, can be inspected and copied at the public reference facilities maintained by the SEC at 100 F Street, N.E., Room 1580, Washington, D.C. 20549. You can request copies of these documents, upon payment of a duplicating fee, by writing to the SEC. The public may obtain information regarding the Washington, D.C. Public Reference Room by calling the Commission at
1-800-SEC-0330.
The SEC also maintains a web site at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding registrants that make electronic filings with the SEC using its EDGAR system. As a foreign private issuer, we are exempt from the rules of the Exchange Act prescribing the furnishing and content of quarterly reports and proxy statements, and our executive officers, directors and principal shareholders are exempt from the reporting and short-swing profit recovery provisions contained in Section 16 of the Exchange Act. In addition, we are not required under the Exchange Act to file periodic reports and financial statements with the SEC as frequently or as promptly as U.S. companies whose securities are registered under the Exchange Act.
We will furnish JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., the depositary of our ADSs, with our annual reports, which will include a review of operations and annual audited consolidated financial statements prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP, and all notices of shareholders’ meetings and other reports and communications that are made generally available to our shareholders. The depositary will make such notices, reports and communications available to holders of ADSs and, upon our request, will mail to all record holders of ADSs the information contained in any notice of a shareholders’ meeting received by the depositary from us.
I.    
Subsidiary Information
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 11.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk
From July 21, 2005, the RMB is permitted to fluctuate within a narrow and managed band against a basket of certain foreign currencies. For RMB against US$, there was appreciation of 1.3%, depreciation of 6.3% and 1.4% during the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021. It is difficult to predict how market forces or PRC or U.S. government policy may impact the exchange rate between the RMB and the US$ in the future.
To the extent that the Company needs to convert US$ into RMB for capital expenditures and working capital and other business purposes, appreciation of RMB against US$ would have an adverse effect on the RMB amount the Company would receive from the conversion. Conversely, if the Company decides to convert RMB into US$ for the purpose of making payments for dividends on ordinary shares, strategic acquisitions or investments or other business purposes, appreciation of US$ against RMB would have a negative effect on the US$ amount available to the Company. In addition, a significant depreciation of the RMB against the US$ may significantly reduce the US$ equivalent of the Company’s earnings or losses.
Currency convertibility risk
The Group transacts all of its business in RMB, which is not freely convertible into foreign currencies. On January 1, 1994, the PRC government abolished the dual rate system and introduced a single rate of exchange as quoted daily by the People’s Bank of China (the “PBOC”). However, the unification of the exchange rates does not imply that the RMB may be readily convertible into US$ or other foreign currencies. All foreign exchange transactions continue to take place either through the PBOC or other banks authorized to buy and sell foreign currencies at the exchange rates quoted by the PBOC. Approval of foreign currency payments by the PBOC or other institutions requires submitting a payment application form together with suppliers’ invoices, shipping documents and signed contracts. The Company’s cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash denominated in RMB amounted to RMB16.0 million (US$2.5 million) as of December 31, 2021.
 
ITEM 12.
DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES OTHER THAN EQUITY SECURITIES
A.    
Debt Securities
Not applicable.
B.    
Warrants and Rights
Not applicable.
C.    
Other Securities
Not applicable.
 
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D.    
American Depositary Shares
Fees and Charges Our ADS Holders May Have to Pay
The depositary may charge each person to whom ADSs are issued, including, without limitation, issuances against deposits of shares, issuances in respect of share distributions, rights and other distributions, issuances pursuant to a stock dividend or stock split declared by us or issuances pursuant to a merger, exchange of securities or any other transaction or event affecting the ADSs or deposited securities, and each person surrendering ADSs for withdrawal of deposited securities or whose ADRs are cancelled or reduced for any other reason, $5.00 for each 100 ADSs (or any portion thereof) issued, delivered, reduced, cancelled or surrendered, as the case may be. The depositary may sell (by public or private sale) sufficient securities and property received in respect of a share distribution, rights and/or other distribution prior to such deposit to pay such charge.
The following additional charges shall be incurred by the ADR holders, by any party depositing or withdrawing shares or by any party surrendering ADSs and/or to whom ADSs are issued (including, without limitation, issuance pursuant to a stock dividend or stock split declared by us or an exchange of stock regarding the ADSs or the deposited securities or a distribution of ADSs), whichever is applicable:
 
   
a fee of U.S.$1.50 per ADR or ADRs for transfers of certificated or direct registration ADRs;
 
   
a fee of up to U.S.$0.05 per ADS for any cash distribution made pursuant to the deposit agreement;
 
   
an aggregate fee of up to U.S.$0.05 per ADS per calendar year (or portion thereof) for services performed by the depositary in administering the ADRs (which fee may be charged on a periodic basis during each calendar year and shall be assessed against holders of ADRs as of the record date or record dates set by the depositary during each calendar year and shall be payable in the manner described in the next succeeding provision);
 
   
a fee for the reimbursement of such fees, charges and expenses as are incurred by the depositary and/or any of its agents (including, without limitation, the custodian and expenses incurred on behalf of holders in connection with compliance with foreign exchange control regulations or any law or regulation relating to foreign investment) in connection with the servicing of the shares or other deposited securities, the sale of securities (including, without limitation, deposited securities), the delivery of deposited securities or otherwise in connection with the depositary’s or its custodian’s compliance with applicable law, rule or regulation (which fees and charges shall be assessed on a proportionate basis against holders as of the record date or dates set by the depositary and shall be payable at the sole discretion of the depositary by billing such holders or by deducting such charge from one or more cash dividends or other cash distributions);
 
   
a fee for the distribution of securities (or the sale of securities in connection with a distribution), such fee being in an amount equal to the $0.05 per ADS issuance fee for the execution and delivery of ADSs which would have been charged as a result of the deposit of such securities (treating all such securities as if they were shares) but which securities or the net cash proceeds from the sale thereof are instead distributed by the depositary to those holders entitled thereto;
 
   
stock transfer or other taxes and other governmental charges;
 
   
cable, telex and facsimile transmission and delivery charges incurred at your request in connection with the deposit or delivery of shares, ADRs or deposited securities;
 
   
transfer or registration fees for the registration of transfer of deposited securities on any applicable register in connection with the deposit or withdrawal of deposited securities;
 
   
in connection with the conversion of foreign currency into U.S. dollars, JPMorgan shall deduct out of such foreign currency the fees, expenses and other charges charged by it and/or its agent (which may be a division, branch or affiliate) so appointed in connection with such conversion; and
 
   
fees of any division, branch or affiliate of the depositary utilized by the depositary to direct, manage and/or execute any public and/or private sale of securities under the deposit agreement.
 
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JPMorgan and/or its agent may act as principal for such conversion of foreign currency. For further details see https://www.adr.com.
We will pay all other charges and expenses of the depositary and any agent of the depositary (except the custodian) pursuant to agreements from time to time between us and the depositary. The charges described above may be amended from time to time by agreement between us and the depositary.
The depositary may make available to us a set amount or a portion of the depositary fees charged in respect of the ADR program or otherwise upon such terms and conditions as we and the depositary may agree from time to time. The depositary collects its fees for issuance and cancellation of ADSs directly from investors depositing shares or surrendering ADSs for the purpose of withdrawal or from intermediaries acting for them. The depositary collects fees for making distributions to investors by deducting those fees from the amounts distributed or by selling a portion of distributable property to pay the fees. The depositary may collect its annual fee for depositary services by deduction from cash distributions, or by directly billing investors, or by charging the book-entry system accounts of participants acting for them. The depositary will generally set off the amounts owing from distributions made to holders of ADSs. If, however, no distribution exists and payment owing is not timely received by the depositary, the depositary may refuse to provide any further services to holders that have not paid those fees and expenses owing until such fees and expenses have been paid. At the discretion of the depositary, all fees and charges owing under the deposit agreement are due in advance and/or when declared owing by the depositary.
The fees and charges you may be required to pay may vary over time and may be changed by us and by the depositary. You will receive prior notice of the increase in any such fees and charges.
 
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PART II
 
ITEM 13.
DEFAULTS, DIVIDEND ARREARAGES AND DELINQUENCIES
None.
 
ITEM 14.
MATERIAL MODIFICATIONS TO THE RIGHTS OF SECURITY HOLDERS AND USE OF PROCEEDS
A.—D.    
Material Modifications to the Rights of Security Holders
See “Item 10. Additional Information” for a description of the rights of shareholders, which remain unchanged.
E.    
Use of Proceeds
The following “Use of Proceeds” information relates to the registration statement on Form
F-1
(File
No. 333-220587),
as amended, including the prospectus contained therein, which registered 22,000,000 ordinary shares representing by ADSs and was declared effective by the SEC on October 19, 2017, for our initial public offering, which closed in October 2017, and the underwriters’ exercise of their option to purchase from us an additional 1,650,000 ADSs representing 3,300,000 ordinary shares, or the optional offering, which closed in October 2017, at an initial offering price of US$14.50 per ADS. Morgan Stanley & Co. International plc, Credit Suisse Securities (USA) L.L.C, UBS Securities LLC and HSBC Securities (USA) Inc. were the representatives of the underwriters. We received an aggregated net proceeds of approximately US$57.9 million from our initial public offering and the option offering. None of these net proceeds from the initial public offering and the optional offering were paid, directly or indirectly, to any of our directors or officers or their associates, persons owning 10% or more of our equity securities or our affiliates or others.
 
ITEM 15.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain a system of disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) designed to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (our principal executive officer) and Acting Chief Financial Officer (our principal financial officer), as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Acting Chief Financial Officer, has performed an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule
13a-15(e)
under the Exchange Act) as of December 31, 2021, the end of the period covered by this annual report, as required by Rule
13a-15(b)
under the Exchange Act.
Based upon that evaluation, our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Acting Chief Financial Officer, has concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this annual report, we did not maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2021 due to the material weaknesses identified in our internal control over financial reporting as described below. We have taken action to and will continue to undertake remedial steps to address such material weaknesses.
A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Notwithstanding the material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, we have concluded that the consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 20-F fairly present, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Acting Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on criteria established in the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, our management has concluded that we did not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021 due to the material weaknesses identified in our internal control over financial reporting.
 
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Our internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
The material weaknesses identified related to our lack of sufficient competent financial reporting and accounting personnel with appropriate understanding of U.S. GAAP to design and implement formal period-end financial reporting controls and procedures to address U.S. GAAP technical accounting issues, and to prepare and review the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures in accordance with U.S. GAAP and financial reporting requirements set forth by the SEC. However, we cannot assure you that these measures may fully address or remediate the material weaknesses and control deficiencies.
Management’s Plan for Remediation
Management has discussed the material weakness described above with the Audit Committee and is in the process of identifying the steps necessary to design a remediation plan in order to remediate the material weaknesses. We anticipate that such plan will include the addition of accounting resources.
Attestation Report of the Registered Public Accounting Firm
This annual report on Form
20-F
does not include an attestation report of the company’s registered public accounting firm as an attestation report is not required pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the SEC.
Inherent Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls
A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect all control issues or misstatements. Accordingly, our controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of our control system are met. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become adequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the period covered by this annual report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control financial reporting.
 
ITEM 16A.
AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT
Our board of directors has also determined that Weili Hong, an independent director and a member of our audit committee, qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” within the meaning of the SEC rules and possesses financial sophistication within the meaning of Listing Rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market. Weili Hong meets the independence standards under Rule
10A-3
under the Exchange Act.
 
 
ITEM 16B.
CODE OF ETHICS
Our board of directors has adopted a code of business conduct and ethics that applies to all of our directors, officers, employees, including certain provisions that specifically apply to our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller and any other persons who perform similar functions for us. We have filed our code of business conduct and ethics as Exhibit 99.1 of our registration statement on Form
F-1
(File Number:
333-220587)
filed with the SEC on September 22, 2017 and posted a copy of our code of business conduct and ethics on our website at en.risecenter.com. We hereby undertake to provide to any person without charge, a copy of our code of business conduct and ethics within ten working days after we receive such person’s written request.
 
 
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ITEM 16C.
PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES
The following table sets forth the aggregate fees by categories specified below in connection with certain professional services rendered by Ernst & Young Hua Ming LLP and BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP, our independent registered public accounting firms, for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively. We did not pay any other fees to our independent registered public accounting firm during the periods indicated below.
 
    
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
    
2020
    
2021
 
               
    
(in thousands)
 
Audit fees
(1)
   $ 1,143      $ 612  
Tax fees
(2)
     —          —    
All other fees
(3)
   $ 881        —    
 
(1)
Audit fees means the aggregate fees billed in each of the fiscal periods listed for professional services rendered by our principal auditors for the audit of our annual consolidated financial statements and assistance with and review of documents filed with the SEC.
(2)
Tax fees means the aggregate fees billed in each of the fiscal periods listed for professional tax services rendered by our principal auditors.
(3)
“All other fees” means the aggregate fees billed in each of the fiscal periods listed for professional services rendered by our principal auditors other than the professional services reported under “audit fees”, “audit-related fees” and “tax fees”. In 2020, the professional services were related to permissible advisory services rendered by our principal auditors.
The policy of our audit committee is to
pre-approve
all audit and
non-audit
services provided by BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm, including audit services and audit-related services as described above, other than those for de minimus services which are approved by the audit committee prior to the completion of the audit.
 
ITEM 16D.
EXEMPTIONS FROM THE LISTING STANDARDS FOR AUDIT COMMITTEES
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 16E.
PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS
On November 15, 2018, we announced a share repurchase program (the “Share Repurchase Program”) for a total consideration of up to US$30.0 million of our outstanding ADSs for a period not exceeding one year commencing on November 19, 2018. The Share Repurchase Program was completed during the third quarter of 2019, pursuant to which the Company repurchased a total of 1,158,741 ADSs, representing 2,311,482 ordinary shares, on the open market, at an average price of US$8.66 per ADS and for an aggregate consideration of US$10.0 million.
 
ITEM 16F.
CHANGE IN REGISTRANT’S CERTIFYING ACCOUNTANT
On November 22, 2021, we announced that Ernst & Young Hua Ming LLP (“EY”) had resigned as the independent registered public accounting firm of our Company, effective November 19, 2021.
EY’s audit report on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 did not contain an adverse opinion or disclaimer of opinion and were not qualified or modified as to uncertainty, audit scope or accounting principles.
During the fiscal years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the interim period through November 19, 2021, there has been no (i) “disagreements” as defined in Item 16F (a)(1)(iv) of Form 20-F and the related instructions, between the Company and EY on any matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure, or auditing scope or procedure, which disagreement, if not resolved to the satisfaction of EY, would have caused EY to make reference to the subject matter of the disagreement thereto in its reports on the consolidated financial statements for such periods; or (ii) “reportable events” as that term is described in accordance with Item 16F(a)(1)(v) of Form 20-F, except as previously disclosed, there were outstanding matters that require further assessment with respect to regulatory requirements that severely impacted the Company’s operations and its ability to continue as a going concern: “Opinions on Further Alleviating the Burden of Homework and After-School Tutoring for Students in Compulsory Education Stage”(the “Opinion”), and the circular published by the Chinese Ministry of Education and two other government authorities on its website to implement the Opinion, which requires all academic after-school tutoring institutions to complete registration as a not-for-profit organization by the end of December 31, 2021. As of the date of EY’s resignation, the Company has not been able to provide information to EY to resolve the above-mentioned matters to their satisfaction. Accordingly, EY was unable to progress their audit or render its audit report on our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021. EY is authorized to discuss these matters with our new auditor without limitation.
 
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We provided a copy of the foregoing disclosure in Item 16F to EY and requested that EY furnish a letter addressed to the SEC stating whether it agrees with the above statements, and if not, stating the respects in which it does not agree. A copy of the letter from EY addressed to the SEC, dated May 13, 2022, is filed as Exhibit 15.2 to this annual report.
On January 7, 2022, we announced that the Board of Directors (the “Board”) has appointed BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP (“BDO”) as the Company’s new auditor, effective as of January 7, 2022. The appointment of BDO was considered and approved by the audit committee of the Board and the Board.
During each of the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2020 and the subsequent period prior to our engagement of BDO, neither we nor anyone on our behalf consulted BDO with respect to (a) the application of accounting principles to a specified transaction, either completed or proposed, or the type of audit opinion that might be rendered on our consolidated financial statements, and neither a written report nor oral advice was provided to us that BDO concluded was an important factor considered by us in reaching a decision as to any accounting, auditing or financial reporting issue; (b) any matter that was either the subject of a disagreement, as defined in Item 16F (a)(1)(iv) of the instructions to Form 20-F, or (c) any reportable event, as defined in Item 16F (a)(1)(v) of the instructions to Form 20-F.
 
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Table of Contents
ITEM 16G.
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
The listing rules of the Nasdaq (the “Nasdaq Listing Rules”), include certain accommodations in the corporate governance requirements that allow foreign private issuers, such as us, to follow “home country” corporate governance practices in lieu of the otherwise applicable corporate governance standards of the Nasdaq pursuant to the requirement under Rule 5615(a)(3) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules. The application of such exceptions requires that we disclose any significant ways that our corporate governance practices differ from the Nasdaq Listing Rules that we do not follow. We are currently a “controlled company” as defined under Rule 5615(c) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules. Upon ceasing to be a “controlled company”, as a foreign private issuer, we intend to continue to follow Cayman Islands corporate governance practices in lieu of the corporate governance requirements of the Nasdaq in respect of the following:
 
   
the requirement under Rule 5620(a) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules for holding an annual meeting of shareholders within one year of the end of each fiscal year;
 
   
the requirement under Rule 5605(b) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules that the majority of the board of directors must be comprised of Independent Directors as defined in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules;
 
   
the requirement under Rule 5605(d) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules that each compensation committee member must be an Independent Director as defined in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules; and
 
   
the requirement under Rule 5605(e) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules that each nomination committee member must be an Independent Director as defined in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules.
 
ITEM 16H.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 16I.
DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTION THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS
Not applicable.
 
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Table of Contents
PART III
 
ITEM 17.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
We have elected to provide financial statements pursuant to Item 18.
 
ITEM 18.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The consolidated financial statements of RISE Education Cayman Ltd are included at the end of this annual report.
 
ITEM 19.
EXHIBITS
 
Exhibit
Number
  
Description of Document
    1.1    Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 from our registration statement on Form F-1 (File No. 333-220587) filed publicly with the SEC on September 22, 2017)
    2.1    Form of Registrant’s Specimen American Depositary Receipt (included in Exhibit 2.3)
    2.2    Registrant’s Specimen Certificate for ordinary shares (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 from our registration statement on Amendment No. 2 to Form F-1 (File No. 333-220587) filed publicly with the SEC on October 18, 2017)
    2.3    Form of Deposit Agreement among the registrant, the depositary and owners and holders of the ADSs (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 from our registration statement on Amendment No. 2 to Form F-1 (File No. 333-220587) filed publicly with the SEC on October 18, 2017)
    4.1    English translation of Purchase Agreement, dated December 1, 2021, among RISE Education Cayman Ltd, Wuhan Xinsili Culture Development Co., Ltd., RISE Education International Limited, Rise (Tianjin) Education Information Consulting Co., Ltd., Beijing Step Ahead Education Technology Development Co., Ltd. and Rise IP (Cayman) Limited (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 from our report of foreign private issuer on Form 6-K (File No. 001-38235) filed publicly with the SEC on December 1, 2021)
    4.2    Share Purchase Agreement, dated December 1, 2021, among RISE Education Cayman Ltd, Rise Education Cayman I Ltd and Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.3 from our report of foreign private issuer on Form 6-K (File No. 001-38235) filed publicly with the SEC on December 1, 2021)
    4.3    Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated February 8, 2022, by and among RISE Education Cayman Ltd, Dada Merger Sub Limited, Dada Merger Sub II Limited and Dada Auto, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 from our report of foreign private issuer on Form 6-K (File No. 001-38235) filed publicly with the SEC on February 8, 2022)
    4.4    Shareholder Support Agreement, dated as of February 8, 2022, by and among RISE Education Cayman Ltd, Dada Auto, Inc., and Bain Capital Rise Education IV Cayman Limited (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.3 from our report of foreign private issuer on Form 6-K (File No. 001-38235) filed publicly with the SEC on February 8, 2022)
    4.5    Company Shareholder Voting Agreement, dated as of February 8, 2022, by and among RISE Education Cayman Ltd, Dada Auto, Inc., and Newlinks Technology Limited (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.4 from our report of foreign private issuer on Form 6-K (File No. 001-38235) filed publicly with the SEC on February 8, 2022)
  11.1    Code of Business Conduct and Ethics of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 from our registration statement on Form F-1 (File No. 333-220587) filed publicly with the SEC on September 22, 2017)
  12.1*    Certification by the Group Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  12.2*    Certification by the Group Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  13.1**    Certification by the Group Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  13.2**    Certification by the Group Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  15.1*    Consent of BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
  15.2*    Letter from Ernst & Young Hua Ming LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
  15.3*    Consent of Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP
101.INS*    Inline XBRL Instance Document — the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
101.SCH*    Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*    Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*    Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
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Table of Contents
Exhibit
Number
  
Description of Document
101.LAB*    Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE*    Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104*    Cover Page Interactive Data File the cover page XBRL tags are embedded within the Exhibit 101 Inline XBRL document set
 
*
Filed with this annual report on Form
20-F.
**
Furnished with this annual report on Form
20-F.
 
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Table of Contents
SIGNATURES
The registrant hereby certifies that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form
20-F
and that it has duly caused and authorized the undersigned to sign this annual report on its behalf.
 
RISE Education Cayman Ltd
By:  
/s/ Lihong Wang
Name:   Lihong Wang
Title:   Chairwoman and Chief Executive Officer
Date: May 13, 2022
[Signature Page to
20-F]

Table of Contents
RISE EDUCATION CAYMAN LTD
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
  
Page
 
  
 
F-2
 
  
 
F-3
 
  
 
F-4
 
  
 
F-5
 
  
 
F-6
 
  
 
F-7-F-8
 
  
 
F-9
 
  
 
F-10-F-45
 
 
F-1

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
Shareholders and the Board of Directors
RISE Education Cayman Ltd
Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands
Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of RISE Education Cayman Ltd and its subsidiaries (“the Company”) as of December 31, 2021, and the related consolidated statement of income/(loss), comprehensive income/(loss), changes in shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2021, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2021, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Basis for Opinion
These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audit we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
/s/BDO China Shu Lun Pan Certified Public Accountants LLP
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2022.
Beijing, China
May 13, 2022
 
F-2

Table of Contents
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of RISE Education Cayman Ltd
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of RISE Education Cayman Ltd (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2020, the related consolidated statements of income/(loss), comprehensive income/ (loss), changes in shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2020, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2020, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
/s/ Ernst & Young Hua Ming LLP
We served as the Company’s auditor from 2017 to 2021.
Beijing, the People’s Republic of China
April 19, 2021 except for Notes 3 and 14, as to which the date is May 13, 2022
 
F-3

Table of Contents
RISE EDUCATION CAYMAN LTD
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in thousands of Renminbi (“RMB”) and U.S. dollars (“US$”),
except share and ADS data and per share and per ADS data)

                         
    
As at December 31,
 
    
2020
   
2021
   
2021
 
    
RMB
   
RMB
   
US$
 
ASSETS
                        
Current assets:
                        
Cash and cash equivalents
     5,134       16,027       2,515  
Restricted cash
     5,244       —         —    
Amounts due from related parties
     181       177       28  
Prepayments and other current assets
     4,509       14,451       2,268  
Current assets of discontinued operations (including current assets of the variable interest entity (“VIE”) without recourse to the Company amounting to RMB420,254 and RMB nil as of December 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively)

     729,500       —         —    
Total current assets
  
 
744,568
 
 
 
30,655
 
 
 
4,811
 
Non-current
assets:
                        
Non-current
assets of discontinued operations (including non-current assets of the VIE without recourse to the Company amounting to RMB1,134,372 and RMB nil
 
as of December 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively)
     1,681,837       —         —    
Total
non-current
assets
  
 
1,681,837
 
 
 
—  
 
 
 
—  
 
Total assets
  
 
2,426,405
 
 
 
30,655
 
 
 
4,811
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
                        
Current liabilities:
                        
Current portion of long-term loan
     226,744       —          —  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
     1,469       8,625       1,353  
Current liabilities of discontinued operations (including current liabilities of the variable interest entity (“VIE”) without recourse to the Company amounting to RMB882,038 and RMB nil
 
as of December 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively)
     940,142       —         —    
Total current liabilities
  
 
1,168,355
 
 
 
8,625
 
 
 
1,353
 
Non-current
liabilities:
                        
Long-term loan
     191,397       —          —  
Other non-current liabilities
     —         2,838       445  
Convertible loan from related parties
  
 
—  
 
 
 
108,334
 
 
 
17,000
 
Non-current
liabilities of discontinued operations (including
non-current
liabilities of the VIE without recourse to the Company amounting to RMB499,092 and RMB nil as of December 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively)
     565,147    
 
—  
 
 
 
—  
 
Total
non-current
liabilities
  
 
756,544
 
 
 
111,172
 
 
 
17,445
 
Total liabilities
  
 
1,924,899
 
 
 
119,797
 
 
 
18,798
 
Commitments and contingencies
                        
Shareholders’ equity:
                        
Ordinary shares (US$0.01 par value; 200,000,000 and 200,000,000 shares authorized, 112,951,232 and 113,030,392 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively)
     6,959       6,964       1,093  
Additional
paid-in
capital
     603,173       274,036       43,002  
Statutory reserves
     105,357       —         —    
Accumulated deficit
     (260,019     (403,149     (63,263
Accumulated other comprehensive incom
e
     39,642       33,007       5,181  
Total RISE Education Cayman Ltd shareholders’ equity (deficit)
  
 
495,112
 
 
 
(89,142
 
 
(13,987
Non-controlling
interests
     6,394       —         —    
Total equity (deficit)
  
 
501,506
 
 
 
(89,142
 
 
(13,987
Total liabilities,
non-controlling
interests and shareholders’ equity
  
 
2,426,405
 
 
 
30,655
 
 
 
4,811
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
 
F-
4

RISE EDUCATION CAYMAN LTD
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME/(LOSS)
(Amounts in thousands of Renminbi (“RMB”) and U.S. dollars (“US$”),
except share and ADS data and per share and per ADS data)

                                 
    
For the years ended December 31,
 
    
2019
   
2020
   
2021
   
2021
 
    
RMB
   
RMB
   
RMB
   
US$
 
Operating expenses:
                                
General and administrative
     (15,275     (17,606     (30,003     (4,708
Total operating expenses
  
 
(15,275
 
 
(17,606
 
 
(30,003
 
 
(4,708
Operating loss
  
 
(15,275
 
 
(17,606
 
 
(30,003
 
 
(4,708
Interest income
     80       13       2           
Gain on troubled debt restructuring
                       279,097       43,796  
Net income/(loss)from continuing operations before income tax expense
  
 
(15,195
 
 
(17,593
 
 
249,096
 
 
 
39,088
 
Net income/(loss) from continuing operations
  
 
(15,195
 
 
(17,593
 
 
249,096
 
 
 
39,088
 
Net income/(loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
  
 
159,755
 
 
 
(123,851
 
 
(507,280
 
 
(79,603
Net income/(loss)
  
 
144,560
 
 
 
(141,444
 
 
(258,184
 
 
(40,515
Net income /(loss) from continuing operations attributable to
non-controlling
interests
                                    
Loss from discontinued operations attributable to
non-controlling
interests
     (3,540     (9,011     (9,697     (1,522
Less: Net loss attributable to
non-controlling
interests
     (3,540     (9,011     (9,697     (1,522
Net income/(loss) attributable to RISE Education Cayman Ltd
  
 
148,100
 
 
 
(132,433
 
 
(248,487
 
 
(38,993
Net income/(loss) from continuing operations attributable to RISE Education Cayman Ltd

     (15,195     (17,593     249,096       39,088  
Net income/(loss) from discontinued operations attributable to RISE Education Cayman Ltd, net of tax
     163,295       (114,840     (497,583     (78,081
Net income/(loss) attributable to RISE Education Cayman Ltd
  
 
148,100
 
 
 
(132,433
 
 
(248,487
 
 
(38,993
Net income/(loss) per share - Basic:
                                
Continuing operations
     (0.13     (0.15     2.21       0.35  
Discontinued operations
     1.44       (1.02     (4.41     (0.69
Total net income/(loss) per share - Basic
     1.31       (1.17     (2.20     (0.34
Net income/(loss) per share - Diluted:
                                
Continuing operations
     (0.13     (0.15     2.21       0.35  
Discontinued operations
     1.42       (1.02     (4.41     (0.69
Total net income/(loss) per share - Diluted
     1.29       (1.17     (2.20     (0.34
Net income/(loss) per ADS*- Basic:
                                
Continuing operations
     (0.26     (0.31     4.42       0.70  
Discontinued operations
     2.88       (2.04     (8.82     (1.38
Total net income/(loss) per ADS - Basic
     2.62       (2.35     (4.40     (0.68
Net income/(loss) per ADS* - Diluted:
                                
Continuing operations
     (0.25     (0.31     4.42       0.70  
Discontinued operations
     2.84       (2.04     (8.82     (1.38
Total net income/(loss) per ADS - Diluted
     2.59       (2.35     (4.40     (0.68
Shares used in net income/(loss) per share computation
                                
Basic
     113,187,721       112,813,031       112,868,532       112,868,532  
Diluted
     114,464,108       112,813,031       112,868,532       112,868,532  
 
*1
ADS represents 2 ordinary shares
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
 
F-
5

RISE EDUCATION CAYMAN LTD
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)
(Amounts in thousands of Renminbi (“RMB”) and U.S. dollars (“US$”),
except share and ADS data and per share and per ADS data)
 
 
  
For the years ended December 31,
 
 
  
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2021
 
 
2021
 
 
  
RMB
 
 
RMB
 
 
RMB
 
 
US$
 
Net income/(loss)
  
 
144,560
 
 
 
(141,444
 
 
(258,184
 
 
(40,515
Other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax of nil:
                                
Foreign currency translation adjustment
s
  
 
(1,542
 
 
(1,275
 
 
(6,635
)
 
 
(1,041
)
 
Other comprehensive income/(loss)
     (1,542     (1,275  
 
(6,635
)
 
 
(1,041
)
 
Comprehensive income/(loss)
  
 
143,018
 
 
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